Download PDF Native American Tribes: The History and Culture of the Inuit (Eskimos)

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Anthropologists and other researchers have determined that the Inuit diet has stayed mostly the same throughout the centuries, and it consists primarily of meat and fish because it is hard to gain access to vegetables and fruit in cold, remote areas. When you live in an area that is mostly snowy, it becomes important to find easier forms of transportation than walking. Therefore, some of the early Inuit tribes were responsible for creating qamutiks, or dogsleds, and qajaqs, which are now known as kayaks.

It was also common for larger groups of Inuit people to be transported across the water via umiaqs. The dogsleds were constructed from wood and whale bones, and the same materials were used to make their vessels. It is also worth noting that being able to offer cultural sensitivity will go a long way with the Inuit, especially those who are able to speak a more common language such as English.

The East Greenland — Scoresby Sund cruise crosses the Arctic Circle into the home waters of multiple species of whale.

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The expedition will spot huge icebergs as it journeys into the largest and deepest fjord system in the world. Along the way the Northern Lights is guiding our way. The Spitsbergen and Northeast Greenland cruise sails waters filled with breath-taking scenery. The expedition passes through areas that are home to seals, seabirds, whales, and polar bears, topped off with nighttime viewing of the Northern Lights.

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All highlights. Where are the ships? If you are going to participate in a cruise through the Antarctic or Arctic regions, you probably have an interest in the Inuit culture. To help you learn more about these people who you are likely to encounter if you visit Greenland, we present 10 interesting facts that everyone should know. They Prefer to be Called Inuk or Inuit Although it has become common to refer to the Inuit as Eskimos, this is not their preferred name, nor does it have anything to do with their cultural heritage.

There were no trees, but driftwood was obtainable.

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  6. A whale hunt traditionally called for strong collaboration among participants. Several boats traveled together and if a crew harpooned a whale, the other crews would come to their aid. If a whale was harvested, the captain and crew that first struck it received choice cuts. Everyone in the village helped divide and share the huge mammal, whose blubber was prized. Yup'ik of Alaska.

    Inuit facts for kids

    The ancestors of the Yup'ik people likely arrived in the third or final migration from Asia about 11, years ago, at the end of the last Ice Age. The Yup'ik homeland is typically flat, treeless tundra glinting in the summer with a myriad of small lakes. The Yup'ik turned to the ocean and rivers for sustenance.

    Foodstuffs were kept in caches underground. People lived in houses constructed of wood and whalebone with walrus skins for the roof and sides. Glass windows did not exist; the inside was lighted with bowl-shaped lamps fashioned from clay or carved stone, fueled by seal oil.

    Eskimo | Definition, History, Culture, & Facts |

    Diseases came with the encroachment of 19th century European and Russian explorers, fur traders and settlers. Yup'ik villages sustained disastrous epidemics of influenza, smallpox and tuberculosis. Inupiaq of Canada and Greenland. These Inupiaq closely resembled their counterparts in Alaska. During long journeys, some Inupiaq made dome-shaped winter houses from snow blocks. These were nonexistent in Alaska and unusual in Greenland.

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    Alaska Native Tribes have asserted their existence and jurisdiction by various governmental activities, including hearing a wide variety of cases in their own courts, according to the university. Other conflicts: Authority under the Violence Against Women Act to prosecute those who commit acts of domestic violence against Alaska Native women was not extended to Alaska Native Tribal governments, Williams said. It became worse because [the corporation system is] geared to urban economic development. The Iditarod is more than a sled-dog race. For thousands of years, mushers traveled by dog sled to fishing and hunting grounds that are now on the route.

    Williams said he mushes today to keep alive an important part of Alaska Native culture; mushing is to Alaska Natives what the Canoe Journey is to Northwest Coast Native peoples. Many villages also host sled-dog races. At these Olympics, competitions are teachings. Competitions include the knuckle hop, four-man carry, ear weight, ear pull, high kick using one or both feet, one-hand reach, kneel jump, stick pull, arm pull, and blanket toss.

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    News Maven Home Archives More than , people have a unique relationship with the land known as the Last Frontier. Mike Williams Jr. This story was originally published on November 20, Sort: Oldest. Featured 2, Community 3, Editor Indian Country Today.