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How about a little impromptu surgery, followed by some serious ass-kicking? Dejah Thoris uncovered a plot by the former Jeddak of Yorn to create a race of artificial men, and now those men are turned loose on Barsoom. A great jumping on point as a new saga begins with the fate of Mars hanging in the balance! Canada's premier pulp event!

The show is a small but pulp specific event, with lots of great stuff for the collector and the curious alike. From 10am to 5pm, located at the Lillian H. For more information, contact us at: info girasolcollectables. We look forward to seeing you there. Girasol Collectables Inc. You can also find the link on our website and Facebook page.

Adventure House. Adventure House - Now available! Amazing Stories. Black Mask. Books of the Dead Press - Now available! John L. Two new photos added to ThePulp. Net's Pulp Photos - New! We've added two never-before-seen pulp magazine related photos to our Pulp Photos gallery at ThePulp. If you haven't checked it out before, the Pulp Photos gallery offers a peek into the past, with photographs of newsstands displaying pulp magazines for sale and photos of pulps and everyday people. We have, with the two new additions, 44 different vintage Pulp Photos on display. One of the most successful pulp magazines ever envisioned was Ranch Romances.

Comics characters introduced in 1936

Naturally, other publishers jumped on the wagon train. Popular Publications did so in with Rangeland Romances. We started a romance magazine in which the hero and heroine fight side by side, live an adventurous life together, experience hope and despair, defeat and success, and finally love together. We brought out a magazine that was true to life; that was about characters who really could have lived and done those things that the author writes about. The formula—which succeeding editors tinkered with from time to time—worked like a charm.

Rangeland Romances ran for a generation. New Spider titles will be released every two weeks! Operator 5 The Bloody Forty-Five Days America, last citadel of freedom and democracy in the world, has made a valiant but futile stand against the ravening war hordes of the cruel conqueror, Rudolph I, the man whose super fighting machine is ruthlessly putting the nations of civilized man in thrall.

Daily mass executions of men and women — even children — on the Eastern seaboard, are but one of the diabolical means of bringing the surviving patriots to heel. Grimly, quickly, silently, he sets his plan in action! Total Pulp Experience. These exciting pulp adventures have been beautifully reformatted for easy reading as an eBook and features every story, every editorial, and every column of the original pulp magazine.

The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction - PDF Free Download

As a special bonus, Will Murray has written an introduction especially for this series of eBooks. Terror Tales: Hugh B. Cave, Book 3 In a new type of magazine was born. Known by various names — the shudder pulps, mystery-terror magazines, horror-terror magazines — weird menace is the sub-genre term that has survived today. Terror Tales magazine was one of the most popular. This breed of pulp story survived less than ten years, but in that time, they became infamous, even to this day.

This ebook contains a collection of stories from the pages of Terror Tales magazine by Hugh B. What was the purpose of this silent scourge, that stilled the innocent in sudden death? Val Kildare knew this much at least; that the fiend behind this slaughter killed not for vengeance, but for pleasure! Wu Fang is a Chinese criminal mastermind and scientific genius. With his hybrid monkey-men, he plans to conquer America.

The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction

He is member of various secret societies and has spies everywhere. Opposing him is Val Kildare of the F. His aides, reporter Jerry Hazard, archaeologist Rod Carson and newsboy Cappy, help him in his battles against the sinister man of evil known as Wu Fang. These short stories are not included in any of our other eBooks. In a new type of magazine was born.

She wanted her future safe-guarded against the ravages of wild range life — and she poured her whole heart into that kiss she gave Dusty, a kiss meaning One of the most popular settings for romance stories was the old west, where men were men and women were women. As many a swooning damsel could attest, "There's something about a cowboy. The Holllywood Reporter. Arriving in comic shops February 20!

Beb Books - Now available! Among its many authors was Greye LeSpina whose novelet, Wolves of the Steppe lead off the first issue and set the tone for the following 15 issues. Beb Books also presents two book length tales of the South Pacisifc. King of Chaos. Beb Books are printed on 8. Beb Books are set in new type for easy reading.

My website is over a year out of date. But I can send you a brief catalog of what we've reprinted. Just write to beb01 sprynet. Have a question? Write to me at beb01 sprynet. Beb Books. Black Dog Books Coming soon! Black Dog Books. Arriving in comic shops February 13! As some of you know, Classic Heroes is a small publishing house located in Germany. To start printing, however, we need your help: As soon as copies of "The Dailies, Vol. We intend to entice a group of devoted fans and collectors alike to keep the adventures of the black rider alive and to present you rare and new tales as well.

The good news is that we can begin with a rather small print run, which would not stand the chance of survival on the mass market. All the positive feedback for our first edition of "Zorro - The Masters' Edition" shows that we are on the right way. Thank you very much for your support! If you are into Zorro's adventures as much as we are, please help us make all these projects come true and spread the news around to fellow fans and collectors.

We promise to provide you with wonderful, high-quality material for your collections in return. More about that soon. So stay tuned! About our terms of delivery: To avoid unnecessary long periods of delivery, we decided to mail all of our books ourselves as soon as copies have been pre-ordered and printed. Of course, you will be informed when to expect yours and get an invoice containing all necessary data after payment has been made to our paypal account.

This way we keep an eye on everything and are able to ensure the highest product quality as far as fair and fast delivery. By the way, we are planning to send all of our books by registered parcel, which means slightly higher prices but also much more safety and control. That way you can always see where your delivery is at the moment and when to expect your books. Please let us know what you think! If you prefer a delivery without registered mail, this is possible too. Please don't hesitate to get in touch if you have any further questions. We look forward to hearing from you and thank you very much in advance for your trust.

Tom Johnson. Dark Quest Books - Now available! Dark Quest Books - Back in print! By The Author of "Nick Carter". Available for Download Friday February 8, at: www. Dime Novel Castle. In his first assignment after returning to the service, he is sent to Sweden to eliminate Caselius, a long-time enemy agent. When a former colleague turns rogue and kidnaps his daughter, Helm is forced to return to his former life as a deadly and relentless assassin.

Titan Books. Perils On Planet X. Thursday July 25th — Sunday, July 28th. Kenneth Robeson Coming to PulpFest. Howard Foundation Press. Buy it on Amazon. Three Go Back. Now available! It features a new cover by Teresa Tuneley. When their teleport vehicle malfunctions, becoming a time machine, it sends three young girls back in time on a journey of discovery they never expected.

From the Ice Age through the Cretaceous, Permian, Carboniferous, and finally to the beginning of the Earth's evolution of life, they experience their world's prehistoric past in all its splendor and terror, coming away with the joy of knowledge and adventure! Age of Aces Now available!

Once they were just two young lovers, pledging their devotion in a Mecklenberg garden. Now they are reluctant rivals enmeshed in the biggest conflict the world has ever seen. Airship 27 Productions Now available! Available now from Create Space at the link below. Available soon from Amazon — Kindle.

At the printer and coming later this month! Black Coat Press - Now available! Black Coat Press. Famous and Forgotten Fiction - Now online! Girasol Collectables - February Pulp Replicas! Girasol Collectables is pleased to announce three more issues in its ongoing series of Pulp Replicas. For the Replica lineup, we're stepping up Terror Tales and Operator 5 to six 6 issues per year, so that those two titles and the Spider will be completed around the same time in late We'll also be tackling the complete year of Weird Tales over the next 2 or 3 years, as well as other s issues of interest.

Girasol Collectables. Hard Case Crime - Coming later this month! Arriving in comic shops February 6! Laurie's Wild West. Other celebrities have signed but we'll announce them one by one throughout January as we start updating the website. Off-Trail Publications - Now available! Allan Dunn Introduction by John Locke. Available on Amazon. San Francisco broke ground for the construction of the Golden Gate Bridge. Prohibition came to an end.

And the hero pulp revolution began. The first of these hero pulps was The Phantom Detective. The Summer issue would be the final number of The Phantom Detective. It was the longest-lived of the hero pulps, lasting for just over twenty years. Pulp Magazines Project. Ever since Sax Rohmer conceived Dr. Fu Manchu, thriller writers have attempted to emulate his sinister appeal. No class of authors vied to out-villain Rohmer more than the pulp writers of the s. The very best of these imitations was the work of top pulpateer Donald E.

Keyhoe, later to make headlines as the retired Air Force officer who claimed that flying saucers were real. Operator 5 Patriot's Death Battalion Jimmy Christopher, clean-cut, square-jawed and clear-eyed, was the star of the most audacious pulp magazines ever conceived — Operator 5. Savage would-be conquerors, creepy cults, weird weather-controllers and famine-creating menaces to our mid-western breadbasket Terror Tales: J.

Quinliven In a new type of magazine was born. This ebook contains a collection of stories from the pages of Terror Tales magazine by J. What is the ghastly doom he brings with him to turn living men to rainbow-colored dust? Why should the flowers in his corpse garden have their heads removed, only to be sewed on again — backwards — by the surgeon mandarin? Page He was such a creature as even the bravest fled from in frenzied fear! When you upgrade to a new eReader, you can transfer your eBook to your new device without the need to purchase anything new.

Margaret Brundage was "The Queen of the Pulps"—and is now something of a forgotten revolutionary. In the early s, when pulp magazines were at their most popular, she forever changed the look of fantasy and horror with 66 steamy covers created for the legendary Weird Tales. Throughout the decade her work was ubiquitous, but by the mids it had disappeared from the magazine racks. And while she remains a legend among pulp fans for this pin-up horror art, outside the niche she is seldom mentioned. Now avalable for pre-order! Coming soon! Illustrated by Jamie Chase.

Written by Martin Powell. Authorized by ERB, Inc. The Adventure Begins in Seven Men of Greed. When the Man In Purple uncovers an evil plot of massive greed, his team of rogues plan to remove their ill-gotten gains from their vaults, one criminal at a time, but he soon discovers that these seven men of crime are as vicious as any mad dog, and a wrong move on his part could easily end his young adventurous career.

Follow the Three Rogues as they pit their brains and skills against the evil genius behind The Hooded Circle of 7. The Uchronic Press - Now available! The Studio Spectre. New publications to the list are in bold Now available! Hopefully it will introduce some folks to the wide variety of material being published today under the New Pulp banner. For the past four years the Windy City Convention has hosted the Pulp Factory Awards, given out by one of several New Pulp groups that celebrate the best in new pulp fiction and artwork.

Friday morning features readings by visiting writers from to in the Sandia Room of the Campus Union. Luncheon reservations required , beginning at am in the Campus Union Ballroom, will feature mistress of ceremonies SF author Connie Willis and an address by Haldeman. Books will be available for purchase and autographing by writers in attendance. Everyone is welcome to attend the panels at Special Collections in Golden Library from 3 - 6 p. Reservations for the lectureship luncheon can be made by calling Caldwell enmu.

Reservations must be received by Monday, April 8. Airship 27 Productions Jim Anthony and Dillon teamup! Coming later this year! Airship 27 Productions. As it happened, that was where Doc Savage had his world headquarters. For decades, fans have wondered: Where was Doc the day Kong fell? The story opens when Doc returns from his Fortress of Solitude in the North Pole to discover the cold corpse of Kong lying on his doorstep.

Tasked to dispose of the remains, the Man of Bronze then tells the untold story of his epic encounter with Kong back in , after Doc returns from service in World War I, long before Kong became King Kong. There, Doc Savage faces his first great test as he encounters its prehistoric dangers and tangles with the towering, unstoppable Kong.

It all started back on Skull Island…. Cover by Joe DeVito. Then, Justice Inc. This classic pulp reprint showcases the classic color pulp covers by Lenosci and William Timmons, Paul Orban's interior illustrations and commentary by pulp historian Will Murray. Kane and an interview with James Bama, the artist who defined Doc Savage for modern fans. This landmark collection showcases five knockout James Bama cover paintings, all ten original color pulp covers, the classic interior illustrations by Paul Orban, forewords by Peter David, Lester Dent and Gerry Conway, and historical commentary by Will Murray.

Sanctum Books Softcover in wraparound collectors' sleeve, 7x Anthony Tollin's Sanctum Books At the printer! Tony Quinn is a brash Defense Attorney to the mob who compromises his ethics for financial gain. When he refuses to cross the line and commit murder, he is tortured and blinded by his gangster employers. But when a fortuitous meeting with a covert agency gives him a chance to make amends, Tony transforms into the Black Bat and embarks on a redemptive quest to right the wrongs of his past.

The US edition retained the original magazine title until the s when the UK book title was adopted for the paperback edition published by Pyramid Books. Read the rest at the links below. The first 21 issues of this limited-circulation journal are long out of print, and collectors have been known to pay as much as ten times the original cover price for back numbers that infrequently turn up on eBay.

Ron Hubbard. In , the still-young United States of America continues its westward expansion as a national economy begins to flourish. Captain John Norton, a young military officer working undercover, mounts a secret campaign against the buckskinned brigands, who are led by a mystery man known as Blacknose. Along the way Norton receives aid from such legendary figures of early American history as rugged pioneer Daniel Boone, future President Zachary Taylor, prominent naturalist John J.

Audubon, and Shawnee Indian chief Tecumseh. Yet the clever Blacknose and his followers continue to evade their would-be captors. The Wilderness Trail originally appeared in the February issue of Blue Book and was the first of more than fictional works—novels, novelettes, and short stories—H. Bedford-Jones wrote for that distinguished pulp magazine over a period of 33 years. It was also his first historical novel with an American setting. The Book Cave - New podcast now available online!

But with violence, pain, and death their constant companions, the vision quickly becomes a nightmare! But while fellow seafarers know better than to challenge their reign, other threats arrive from unexpected places. Conan returns to Cimmeria to track down an impostor destroying villages in his name, only to discover a tragic connection to his own past! Collects Conan the Barbarian But it might count for something if a beaten and traumatized Dejah Thoris can start fighting back in the darkness and killing some of them!

Yet when the customer's man bought himself a load of death, Cort found he'd been added to the deal - with a corpse as a dividend. Motorcycle racing tracks in this story. George Carlin Writer and Hal Foster Art Beautifully restored and printed at giant size, this first volume in Dark Horse's comprehensive collections of Hal Foster's Tarzan Sundays reprints over one hundred strips on high-quality paper and in eye-popping color, replicating their appearance when they were brand new!

Featuring historical essays on Tarzan and Foster, this astonishing volume is a must for every collector! Collecting every Tarzan Sunday strip from September through September ! Famous and forgotten Fiction is a new site featuring familiar and obscure fiction along with articles, pictures and essays. In the Writings section, we have fiction by H.

The Pictures section starts with a group of collectible and some not so items and is the first of 24 collections. New material will be appearing on the last Friday of each month which means we'll have more new stuff at the end of February. Writer Mark Waid; Art Daniel Indro; Cover Paolo Rivera For the first time, Kato has seen the darkest side of his partner, the Green Hornet—and the fracture between them will bring pain and suffering to both men—and to the entire city of Chicago!

Little food, no power, and deadly weather would be bad enough for the scared citizens, but an army of undead creatures stalking the streets makes things worse. Can the Green Hornet rise again, or will he be dragged back into the grave?

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Undead action by Jai Nitz and Jethro Morales! But on a remote island in the South Pacific, Flynn and his squad come face-to-fanged-face with creatures long thought dead. Or so the esteemed Dr. Werner Frederick would have people believe—people like the Congressmen holding hearings on banning violent crime and horror "funny books.

Was it the knife-wielding juvenile delinquent or the naked seductress? Perhaps a frustrated publisher or an outraged cartoonist. Or was it a comic book reader? Tree Hard Case Crime. Fans will be treated to the first-ever collection of a historic turning point in Tarzan history: when Russ Manning was handpicked by the Burroughs estate to return the strip to its creator's original vision.

Manning put together a dream team of assistants in this historic endeavor, including future comics greats Dave Stevens, William Stout, and Mike Royer, creating one of the most loaded rosters in comics history, and a perfect opportunity for new fans to discover the adventures of Viscount Greystoke. He may also be one of the most underrated writers in comics. His beautiful art is so captivating that it's easy to understand how it might overshadow his scripts.

He was as adept with telling Tarzan tales in contemporary Africa as he was setting Ape Man stories in dinosaur-infested Pal-ul-don. The release date for William Boyd's new James Bond novel has been announced! The title and plot remain a closely guarded secret. This novel will see a return to the classic Bond era, featuring a 45 year old in Visit www.

McClurg printing plates. Waldo Emerson Smith-Jones one of the Boston Smith-Joneses -a tall and thin youth with an ominous cough-finds himself cast ashore on a desert island in the Pacific, so primitive that it is still peopled by a race closer to the apes than to man. Waldo has all the advan-tages of wealth, culture and social position. And yet, when rescue came, Waldo turned his back on it and sought the jungle again. Waldo had become a cave man. Waldo's brain, clogged with useless learning, was still nimble enough to outwit brute strength.

He lacked only woodcraft and pluck. These were supplied him by the slim brown Nadara, the cave girl, who called him Thandar-the Brave One. How Waldo lifted the cave people ahead a couple of aeons in civilization, and earned the name of Thandar, makes a story rich in human interest and exciting action. During the month of February, residents can check out a sneak peek of some of the items a Chillicothe Historical Society committee has collected for an upcoming exhibit on McCulley. When his mother died in , he moved to Chillicothe after his grandparents adopted him.

They ran one of the local mom and pop grocery stores in town. He attended Chillicothe schools and graduated in Additionally, memorabilia also will be shown, many of which is part of the Peter Poplaski collection. The committee is looking for donations to help with the exhibit. A fundraiser is planned for Feb. Call Rachael Parker at for more information. The Lone Ranger and Tonto come across a small Western town that harbors great suffering.

That suffering resonates through time, to the Ranger's own past, and to the future. Can the Lone Ranger and Tonto find a way to replace that suffering with hope? They have found agent Winston Marle. They have also found a new villain who intends to see the Ranger either turn his back on all he stands for or dead and buried. Dark clouds are gathering over Europe, and an ancient manuscript stolen from an American university might hold the key to victory in the coming war. If you think you know Tarzan, think again! This is the original character — savage and fearless, but also a lost soul trying to find his place in a world that does not understand him.

See science and robot mayhem play out on a global scale! Martin Grams' Blog - Now online! The Shadow Unmasked - New! With the law twisted and perverted to benefit the unjust, those who serve justice have no choice but to operate outside the law. The Spider digs into the shadowy past of the new governor, but what he finds raises more questions than it answers.

Meanwhile, a blind lawyer and a fugitive artist find themselves standing alone against the might of the Black Legions. As we shall see, this was exactly the same premise upon which Gernsback issued Amazing Stories, making HetzeTs Magasin d' education et de recreation a direct literary precursor to the science-fiction magazine. The first issue appeared on 20 March on a twice-monthly schedule, and was heavily illustrated. Verne's novels became a regular feature starting from the first issue, with 'Les anglais an pole nord', which ran to 20 February , followed immediately by 'Le desert de glace' and 'Les enfants due Capitaine Grant' better known as In Search of the Castaways.

But perhaps his most popular was '20, Leagues under the Sea', serialized in the magazine from 20 March to 20 June Not all of Verne's fiction appeared in Magasin d'education et de recreation. Hetzel had launched another magazine aimed at a higher age-group, called the Journal des debats politiques et litteraires, which was similar to the literary reviews. Hetzel had arrangements with magazines outside France, most notably the American Our Young Folks started in and the British Boy's Own Paper started in and through these and 6.

Gallagher, Judith A. Mistichelli and John A. Hall, Verne's influence upon science- fiction, particularly voyages of discovery, is immeasurable. There is no doubt that his work attracted the youthful Hugo Gernsback who would have encountered it both in bookform and in the Magasin d' education et de recreation.

All of these were writing regularly for the weekly and monthly magazines. Some of Doyle's early work treads the borderline between science and the super- natural, particularly in the unknown realms of mesmerism. In 'John Barrington Cowles' Cassell's Saturday Journal, April a young girl seems to have the power to will people to death, whilst in 'The Great Keinplatz Experiment' Belgravia, July experiments in mesmerism lead to a personality exchange between bodies. Grant Allen, a close friend of Doyle, was contributing to Belgravia at the same time. Both Doyle and Allen would continue to write science fiction throughout the s, and Doyle's major contribu- tions were yet to come.

Their work, however, was eclipsed by the emergence of George Griffith and H. Griffith was a regular contributor to the publications of C. Arthur Pearson, the main rival to George Newnes, and his forte was the future war story. The future war story is a significant sub-genre within science fiction and was a major part of pulp science fiction, particularly in the years after the First World War.

As we see, it had its antecedents in the popular magazines of the previous century. Wells's contribution to the development of science fiction is incontestable. Unlike Verne, who was primarily concerned with imaginative voyages aided by scientific developments. Wells was interested in the detail of discovery. All of Wells's significant sf short stories appeared first in maga- zines as did most of his novels the most notable exception being The Island of Doctor Moreau, published by Heinemann in The final version edited slightly for book publication ran in The New Review from January to May Wells was eventually captured by George Newnes and also became a regular contributor to The Strand.

By the turn of the century popular magazines were proliferating in Britain. In addition to the general magazines printed on high- quality china-coated stock, there were cheaper fiction magazines printed on lower-quality newsprint or pulp paper. The British pulps are less well known than their American counterparts, perhaps because they were less sensational, and their true value has yet to be fully assessed even though they carried the bulk of short fiction published in Britain in the first 40 years of the twentieth century. Whilst these magazines featured a wide range of fiction, of which romance, adventure and mystery were the main attractions, science fiction was never too far behind.

Certainly more science fiction appeared in these magazines than has ever been fully accounted for or subsequently reprinted in book form and this is still a major area for research. Wells, we must list M. Hodgson, Rohmer and Shiel remain the best known, though perhaps more for horror and supernatural fiction than science fiction even though they all produced their fair share.

Time has treated the others less well, almost certainly because so little of their work survived in book form, which emphasizes the ephemeral existence of magazines and the fact that they are so readily overlooked in the history of fiction, even though their influence at the time can be significant. George C.

Wallis is worth a further mention because we shall encounter him again in our history. He had one of the longest careers in science fiction at this early stage, as he started writing in the s and was still producing in the s. He had two profound stories in Harmsworth's Magazine. Earth's final inhabitants, a man and a woman, propel their space- ship away from the Earth at twice the speed of light in the direction of the nearest star known to have planets. The story leaves their fate untold. The Martians sacrifice their own planet in order to shield Earth from an approaching giant meteor swarm.

These stories would have compared well with the material Gernsback published in the early Amazing Stories and even with some material in the early Astounding Stories. James Barr is surprisingly neglected today although he was pro- ducing science fiction for at least the last 20 years of his life. It is one of a number of stories prevalent at the time taking the subatomic world as their theme.

Perhaps the most unjustly neglected of all these authors is the Australian Coutts Brisbane. His real name was Robert Coutts Armour, but he wrote usually as Coutts Brisbane and sometimes as Reid Whitley, and possibly under other names. His work was often humorons, sometimes rather too light-weight to have mnch impact, bnt his imagination was fertile and he ntilized all of the then prevalent science-fiction concepts, many of them for The Red Magazine.

He was particnlarly good at interplanetary adventnres and creating bizarre alien life-forms, something which was later developed with great snccess by Stanley G. Starting with 'Take it as Red' 1 5 Febrnary Brisbane had a series of stories in The Red Magazine exploring the solar system and enconntering a variety of aliens. Over the past few pages I have only skimmed the snrface of the wealth of science fiction prodnced in Britain between and It is perhaps snrprising that no enterprising pnblisher considered issning a magazine specializing in science fiction, bnt that direction was not taken in Britain and wonld not be nntil In fact there were no specialist magazines in Britain, not even for crime and romance stories, which were the most popnlar, nntil the pnblisher Sir George Hntchinson, seeing the developments in the United States, lannched Adventure-Story Magazine in September and Mystery-Story Magazine in Febrnary These were under the able editorship of E.

Charles Vivian, whose name will bring a glow of recognition amongst devotees of lost-race fiction because of his novels City of Wonder and Fields of Sleep which were serialized in Adventure -Story in and The closest any periodical publication came to producing a science -fiction issue was Pears' Annual. Annuals are a strange hybrid of books and magazines. Because they appeared on a regular annual basis, usually at Christmas but sometimes in the summer, they are regarded as periodicals, but they have rather the character of books than magazines, lacking most editorial features and usually focusing on a theme.

Some annuals contained single novels and were later reissued as books. An earlier Beeton 's Christmas Annual, for 1 , had been entitled 'The Fortunate Island' and had included several stories within a frame device of an idyllic island where the tranquillity is spoiled by British visitors.

Most of these sub-stories are science fiction or fantasy, particularly Henry Frith's 'What It Must Come To' which features a series of inventions four centuries hence. However, that volume also included some non-fantasies. Pears' Annual for Christmas , on the other hand, is based wholly on the premise of future prediction, both articles and fiction, forecasting what life would be like 'Fifty Years Hence'. It included contributions by A.

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Milne, G. Chesterton, W. George, F. Britten Austin and Mary Cholmondeley. As pointed out by book- dealer George W. Locke, who rediscovered this item, it has some grounds for being regarded as the first genuine British sf magazine, borderline though it is. But before crossing the Atlantic let us just consider developments elsewhere in Europe. As we have already seen, the work of Jules Verne had a signi- ficant impact on the development of science fiction. His work was readily available throughout Europe as was much British and American fiction in translation.

All European countries had their magazines, some more colourful and adventurous than in Britain, but because there was only limited translation of stories from European countries into Britain, the full impact of European sf has yet to be fully explored, despite much original research by Sam Lundwall, Darko Suvin and Eranz Rottensteiner. Science fiction was perhaps most deeply rooted in Germany, going back as far as Johannes Kepler whose dream-trip to the Moon, Somnium, appeared in It was in Germany that the early museums developed, called the Cabinet of Curiosities in English but known by the Germans most evocatively as the Wunderkammer, or Chamber of Wonders.

The concept of a room full of curiosities easily lent itself to the book or magazine form. Eberhard Happel, a German novelist and miscellaneous writer, who lived in Hamburg in the late seventeenth century, was himself a collector of literary 7. George W. This was a compendium of scientific and fantastic facts as well as fairy tales and extravagant stories. It was issued as a weekly part- work, a common practice throughout Europe at that time, and thus was technically a magazine, though it is arguably as much an anthology or even encyclopaedia.

The influence of Verne made itself known through the work of Robert Kraft, who was actually marketed as the German Jules Verne and wrote a series of short adventure novels issued in the same serial format as the American 'dime novels'. Dime novels are not magazines but, because they often featured the same characters and appeared on a regular weekly or bi-weekly schedule, they are sufficiently borderline to take into account. We shall explore them more fully in the next section. It can claim to be the first serial science - fiction series in Europe. It may also have been read by a teenage Hugo Gernsback.

It ran for a total of 1 65 issues between 1 and , and featured the adventures of Captain Mors, a fugitive from justice like Verne's Captain Nemo , who used his advanced airship to fight evil. Although strongly influenced by Verne and the American dime novelists, Der Luftpirat or Kapitan Mors as it is sometimes called had a strong influence in Germany. It is a direct forerunner of the immensely popular Perry Rhodan series that we shall encounter in the s.

The author of Der Luftpirat has never been discovered, though it was probably the work of several. A magazine rather like Magasin d' education et de recreation, but focusing more on technical developments, appeared in tsarist Russia 8. In the original volume of my history 1 quoted Willy Ley from the February Galaxy, where he referred erroneously to this maga- zine as first appearing in , and running till at least According to Ley, 'the early issues consisted mainly of translations of Jules Verne, but with a sprinkling of Russian authors, one of whom was a lady [sic] specialising in interplanetary romances'.

In the twenties it sometimes had a cover illustrating a science-fiction story, but almost never more than one story or serial instalment per issue. Nevertheless this is a higher sf content than many other general magazines and shows the interest in Russia in technical develop- ments. The publishers had contact with Hugo Gernsback in the s and possibly earlier as the magazine reprinted fiction from Gernsback's publications.

Sweden has also laid claim to having the first sf magazine. Stella had four scattered issues between April and August , reprinting short stories in translation from various European writers plus some indigenous material. Again its qualification as a magazine is limited as it bears comparison with a short anthology series. Plugin, which ran for 82 issues between April and December , may have a slightly better claim, although it was more a technical science magazine, written single-handedly by its editor and publisher Otto Witt and espousing every possible idea of scientific advance that Witt could imagine in both fictional and factual form.

It is unfortunate that Witt's work was not made available outside Scandinavia, for he would undoubtedly have had a greater impact on the history of science fiction than he did. Perhaps the most deserving claimant to the title of the world's first fantasy magazine is the German Der Orchideengarten The Orchid Garden , published and edited by Karl Hans Strobl in Munich. This ran for 51 issues between April and May and featured a beautiful array of artwork, together with work by a wide range of 9.

I have never been able to find issues of this magazine, though Sam Moskowitz has told me about copies he has seen in the Library of Congress. Even if f did see them f doubt f would understand any of the contents. Letter, Moskowitz to Ashley, 24 April It contained little by way of science fiction, but much fantastic and surreal fiction which was popular in Europe at that time. Despite all this interest in science fiction and fantastic adventure in Britain and elsewhere in Europe, the catalyst to unite this into a single publication did not happen there but in the United States.

I have deliberately avoided discussing the development of maga- zine sf in the USA so far, but it is to that country that we must now turn. The American Dawn The development of magazine publishing in the United States was as tortuous as it is fascinating, but it closely resembled that in Britain, where its origins can be traced.

Perhaps the most relevant maga- zine from this early period was The Columbian, founded by Mathew Carey in Philadelphia in It carried the first work by America's first professional writer, Charles Brockden Brown, who had an interest in scientific and psychological fiction, and it concentrated on not only general information but also scientific development. The first detailed utopian fiction published in America was 'Equality; or a History of Lithconia', a novel clearly inspired by Gulliver's Travels.

It was serialized in The Temple of Reason, a Phila- delphia weekly, from 15 May to 2 July , but did not appear in book form until This emphasizes the importance of knowing the original magazine publication details of stories to ensure they are set in their proper chronological and influential context.

Irving was heavily influenced by German writers, particularly Ernst Theodor Hoffmann whose short fiction had been appearing in German periodicals since Poe has every right to claim to be the father of the short science - fiction story. Although he is best remembered as a writer of horror stories, his literary genius caused him to craft his work not only in the realms of psychological and supernatural horror but also in scientific and detective fiction.

His first story, which brought with it all the residue of the gothic influence, was 'Metzengerstein', published in the Baltimore Saturday Courier for 14 January Poe submitted several stories and won the first prize with 'Ms. Found in a Bottle', published in the 1 9 October issue of the Visitor.

It is a powerful story of a sinking ship's encounter with a ghost ship and the two becoming trapped in an icy current pulling them towards the Antarctic and a craterous entrance into the Earth. It launched Poe's writing career. As we shall see, story competitions became a feature of Gernsback's sf magazines. Poe soon moved to Richmond, Virginia, where he became associated with the Southern Literary Messenger. Poe took over the editorship of the Messenger in December and his essays and stories rapidly estab- lished a reputation for himself and the magazine, the latter's circu- lation increasing seven-fold.

He soon fell out with the proprietor, although the magazine did start serialization of Poe's most signi- ficant sf story, 'The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of Nantucket' January-February For the remaining 12 years of his life, Poe became associated with most of the leading magazines of his day. Valdemar', also deal- ing with mesmerism and survival of the soul after death, appeared in the American Review for December At this same time Nathaniel Hawthorne was contributing his tales and fables to various New York and New England magazines.

His contributions to science fiction are less potent than Poe's but no less significant. Interestingly the two great writers came together in a short-lived magazine. The Pioneer. This serves as a reminder that even the shortest-lived magazines can feature work of lasting value.

Black Mask Pulp Story Reader: #4 Stories from the February, 1941 issue of ASTONISHING STORIES

Poe did not live long enough to see the emergence of the major American magazines, otherwise his life may have been different. Harper's became the leading American magazine, its circulation rising to over , by It later met healthy competition from Scribner's Monthly, which appeared in , and it was these two rivals that provided George Newnes in England with the model for The Strand Magazine. Harper's frequently carried the stories of Fitz-James O'Brien, including his story of mesmerism, 'The Bohemian' July , and the classic story of an invisible creature, 'What Was It?

It was Atlantic Monthly, however, that carried his most influential story, 'The Diamond Lens' January , one of the earliest tales about sub-microscopic life. These stories did much to raise the circulation of their maga- zines, and science fiction rapidly became entrenched in American popular fiction earlier than it did in Britain and the rest of Europe. Much of this can be attributed to the inevitable pioneering spirit of the immigrant Americans, and to the desire to strive for social bliss.

But it was also due to the greater democratic and radical nature of the American free spirit which was still stifled in Europe. In America, any fiction that explored social or scientific advance was not only welcomed but encouraged. It is no surprise, therefore, that one novel about a utopian society attracted immense interest. There he encounters a socialist utopia which Bellamy describes in considerable detail.

Several communes based on Bellamy's principles were established. The novel's significance here, though, is its influence on the magazine world. The Overland Monthly had been founded in San Francisco in , modelled on The Atlantic Monthly , and had shot to overnight success with the popularity of the stories by its editor, Bret Harte. The magazine declined after Harte left in and folded in It was revived in in a rather more substantial form.

The magazine responded to the success of Bellamy's Looking Backward with a special 'Twentieth Century Number' with its issue for June It contained a mixture of stories and articles looking forward over the next two centuries, including a reprint of Kurd Lasswitz's 'Bis zum Nullpunkt des Seins' as 'Pictures out of the Future'.

Interestingly, this special issue of Overland Monthly appeared at just the same time as the first American pulp magazine began to emerge, but before we follow that strand to the birth of the science - fiction magazine, we need to pick up one other thread. In , brothers Erastus and Irwin Beadle began to issue a series of yellow-backed short novels selling for a dime their slogan was 'a dollar book for a dime'.

The term 'dime novel' soon followed. Britain had its equivalent in the penny-dreadful. The early successes came with novels of pioneer life, but soon they proliferated into all fields of writing, often the more sensational the better. The boom period was the s, and the prominent publisher was Frank Tousey. Tousey published a regular juvenile story-paper called The Boys of New York, first issue dated 23 August In he commissioned Harry Enton to write a dime novel to emulate the success of Edward S.

Reade is a New York teenager and mech- anic who builds a giant man-shaped steam engine.

The Shadow: The Chess Club Murders - February 23, 1941

Reade and his cousin take the steam man out onto the Missouri plains and encounter a string of adventures. The novel was extremely popular, especially amongst teenage readers, and started a succession of adventures featuring Frank Reade. These were written initially by Enton before he and Tousey parted company. A few other writers turned a hand before the series passed to a young Brooklyn writer of Cuban descent, Luis Senarens. Senarens moved on a generation with Frank Reade's son and a new selection of pals. He started his series with 'Frank Reade Jr.

Thereafter the inventions became increasingly more creative, the adventures more daring, and the readers more excited. Tousey started a second series, this time featuring Jack Wright, the Boy Inventor, again mostly written by Senarens and based closely on the Frank Reade Jr. The first. With the success of the Frank Reade Jr. His gamble was a regular weekly publication devoted entirely to 'invention' stories.

Entitled Frank Reade Library, its first issue appeared on 24 September Although this was strictly a series of paperbound books, there is no denying that it was the first regular publication of science fiction in a serial format. The issues usually contained 32 pages of demy-octavo size about 8 V 4 by 5 V2 inches. The series was a mixture of new stories and reprints, mostly the work of Luis Senarens, who by now had become the first prolific writer of science fiction. It remained weekly until 5 Eebruary when it went bi-weekly. Its last edition appeared in August , issues after the first issue was published.

By then Uncredited article in Science and Invention, 8 6 , September The article may have been by Gernsback himself or one of his editors, but may also have been by Charles 1. Horne who had been editing a complete set of the works of Jules Verne and had contributed an article, 'Jules Verne, the World's Greatest Prophet', to the August issue of Science and Invention. Nevertheless there was one final episode in this chapter. It ran until 26 August , and was all reprint, but it was a genuine magazine composed of invention stories.

The Frank Reade stories, therefore, can lay claim to giving birth not only to the first regular sf series, but also the first regular sf reprint series! Although the dime novel was entering its decline, it would still survive until the First World War. At that point it gave way to the immense popularity of the pulp magazine which began to emerge in the s.

Frank Andrew Munsey, of Mercer, Maine, had moved to New York in where he began publication of a children's weekly story-paper. The Golden Argosy, first issue dated 9 December The magazine was profitable but Munsey's interest in the children's market, then dominated by St Nicholas Magazine, waned. He decided to shift towards an adult audience, and his first move was to disassociate The Golden Argosy from the 'golden' name, shortening its title to The Argosy from 1 December Munsey then created Munsey's Magazine in February to test the adult market.

It tended to feature society stories with very little fantasy or science fiction, and though initially printed on high-quality paper this became lower-grade book paper in later years. The magazine sold well and Munsey then upgraded its partner. In April The Argosy shifted to a monthly schedule, and in 1 Munsey began to The word 'golden' was used increasingly in children's papers of the s since it seemed evocative to parents of some kind of golden age.

Technically The Argosy became the first adult adventure pulp magazine with its issue dated December It was the standard pulp size 7 by 10 inches and carried a range of short stories, serials and features. That first pulp issue carried only one sf story, 'Citizen ' by Charles H. Palmer which had first appeared in Munsey's Magazine for December 1 Written in the wake of interest in Bellamist futures, it was a dystopia about a regimented society in the twenty-third century.

Science fiction did not feature strongly in The Argosy at this time, though each year would see half a dozen or so stories and serials. These were by authors now mostly forgotten, although Tudor Jenks and Frank Aubrey became regulars, and there were some lost-race adventures by W. Bert Foster and Jared L. Most of the stories still betrayed a juvenile dime novel background, but the occasional more adult story appeared, such as Harle Oren Cummins's 'Martin Bradley's Space Annihilator' which despite the cosmic- sounding title is actually about radio and James B.

Both of these appeared in the September issue. It is rather ironic that scientific fiction, which experienced such a burst of development in Britain, remained relatively stagnant in America in the s, even though the seeds for its future were slowly taking root. It is worth pausing in the development of the Munsey story to consider two other magazines, often listed in bibliographies of science fiction, which require some brief coverage here, if only to dispel the belief that they were magazines of science fiction or fantasy.

The Black Cat first appeared in October 1 89 5 in the same format as the dime novels and the new nickel weeklies selling for five cents. It did not convert to pulp format until Its title may suggest a magazine of weird fiction, but that was far from the truth, though it was certainly idiosyncratic.

Its publisher, Herman Umbstaetter, had set out to establish a magazine of unusual stories, in which the writers would strive for originality and the unique. In that sense it was a spiritual ancestor to Weird Tales. Over the years it has earned a legendary status for publishing stories of the weird and gruesome even though the publisher said, in one of his policy statements, 'While writers may choose their own themes we especially desire stories in the handling of which the morbid, unnatural and unpleasant are avoided rather than emphasised.

The most famous of these was 'The Mysterious Card' by Cleveland Moffett February which set a trend for baffling stories with no rational solution and usually best left that way. One such borderline-sf story is 'A Hundred Thousand Dollar Trance' May by Eugene Shade Bisbee in which a hypnotist demonstrates how he can age a man through suggestion. The reader is left with the dilemma of whether the man really aged or whether all the members of the audience were under hypnosis. The tally of full-blown sf stories in The Black Cat is limited, falling far short of the number in the later Munsey magazines.

Perhaps the best known is Jack London's first sale, 'A Thousand Deaths' May , in which a scientist succeeds in reviving a dead body many times over. A number of tales are slightly more adventurous. They include 'My Invisible Eriend' by Katherine Kip Eebruary , which is very derivative of Wells's The Invisible Man, and the more creative 'A Human Chameleon' by Newton Newkirk October with its protagonist's ability to blend into his surroundings, which is a taster for the later super-hero stories of the thirties.

Mixer April is an early story about organ transplants, whilst 'In an Unknown World' by John Durworth November 1 is a clever story in which the auditory and optical senses are switched.

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Most of the writers were transitory. Two of the more regular contributors of imaginative stories were Don Mark Lemon and Frank Lillie Pollock, both of whom contributed sf to later pulps. Lemon's unusual stories started with 'Doctor Goldman' December , in which tissue transplanted from a dead man transfers his memories to the recipient. Lemon's ideas were always imaginative, and we shall enconnter him again in the Gernsback magazines.

Pollock was intrigned by the idea of vibrations, a theme which emerged strongly in later sf. In 'The Skyscraper in B Flat' Jnne he explores the way in which certain vibrations will establish a resonance that is highly destrnctive. He wonld also write one of the best early stories for The Argosy, the Wellsian end-of-the- world short story 'Finis' Jnne After Umbstaetter's death The Black Cat published hardly any scientific stories.

Set in the year it considers many wonders of the future, including teaching by television, though its main plot revolves around the accumulation of interest in a bank account that has passed down the generations and is now enough to buy the solar system. This story was later reprinted by Hugo Gernsback in Amazing. The Black Cat itself continued until October It had a short-lived revival in , and was even resurrected as a fantasy reprint magazine in by George Henderson of Memory Lane Publications in Toronto, Canada, but financial problems stopped this final incarnation lasting more than one issue.

This Black Cat therefore scarcely had three lives. The Clack Book was something else entirely. It was a small literary magazine modelled to some extent on the British Yellow Book and specializing in bohemian poetry and fiction. Its first issue, dated April , was under the editorship of Frank G. Wells, and was in chapbook form, running to only 26 pages with a mixture of poetry and short prose, mostly anonymous. The magazine attracted some of the leading artists and poets of the day, amongst them Edgar Fawcett and Elia Wilkinson Peattie.

It folded with its twelfth issue, dated June At the end of the nineteenth century science fiction had still not taken hold in the pulps, though it remained evident in the leading popular 'slick' magazines, mostly because of the American serial- ization of the novels by H. Stockton June- November Set 50 years in the future, the story includes a wealth of inventions and discoveries including the first submarine voyage to the North Pole and a journey inside the Earth to discover that the centre of the planet is a massive diamond.

Fezandie was a teacher and popular writer who later became Gernsback's first leading sf author. One of the writers who kept his science fiction relatively light-hearted was Robert W. Chambers, the renowned author of The King in Yellow Neely, His later book In Search of the Unknown Harper, concerned a zoologist's exploration for rare creatures.

By the turn of the century, however, apart from the inevitable invention story, science fiction appeared less frequently in the slick magazines and became more the territory of the pulps. By almost every issue of The Argosy carried a story of some scientific or fantastic development.

Two distinct fields had emerged: stories that explored the idea of a new invention, and those that were an exten- sion of the dime novel, featuring sensationalistic fantastic adventures. In the first category are the humorous stories by Edgar Franklin about an eccentric inventor, Mr Hawkins. Humorous invention stories would become a feature of the early Gernsback magazines, and they were common in many magazines in the first years of the twentieth century, indicative of the growing fascination with technology. Similar to these are the biological creations of Professor Jonkin in the stories by Howard R.

His first sf in The Argosy was the serial 'A Ronnd Trip to the Year ' Jnly-November , combining time travel with a fntnre travelogne, a catalogne of adventnres and some fairly blnnt satire. Cook had five sf novels serialized in The Argosy inclnding the interplanetary adventnre 'Adrift in the Unknown' December April All of these bore the trademark of the dime novel with simple characterisation and fast-action adven- ture, but had a veneer of sophistication in setting the stories in a social and political context. Science fiction received a boost when Munsey started a new magazine called All-Story in January It was here, under the strong editorial guidance of Robert H.

Davis, that pulp science fiction began to develop. Serviss was a journalist but also a writer and lecturer on popular science - almost the forerunner of Isaac Asimov. While working as a reporter on the New York Evening Journal Serviss was commissioned to write a sequel to Wells's The War of the Worlds, of which an American adaptation was running in the Evening Journal to tremendous acclaim. Serviss used Wells's novel as a base only for his own 'Edison's Conquest of Mars' Evening Journal, 12 January February , in which Thomas Alva Edison is able to develop an antigravity device and build an armada which defeats the Martians.

This story was extremely popular in its day and it is worth noting the hero-status that Thomas Edison achieved. The inventor was revolutionizing American technology. Ever since he had estab- lished the first industrial research laboratory at Menlo Park, New Jersey known colloquially as the 'invention factory' , he had become a legend in America.

Edison more than anyone before or since inspired Americans to explore the wonders and possibilities of technology, and it was he who provided the boost to the many invention stories that proliferated in the magazines at the turn of the century. He was also the direct inspiration for Hugo Gernsback, as we shall shortly see. Serviss's 'The Moon MetaT is the story of the discovery of a new metal, artemisium, which is brought to Earth from the Moon by matter transmitter and replaces gold as the financial standard.

It's her voice returning, her Aunt Ajax, one of her new official guardians, runs to check on her. Following her is her Uncle Harwood, official guardian 2. The three of them, camped out under the house, decide to mark the day as Crawlspace Day. Crawlspace Day will be celebrated annually to mark the day that their lives became entwined, and she'll receive, belatedly, her cake and her gifts, all under the house.

By the time she's twelve, Elray is spending all her time creating adventures and going on solo explorations. One day, creeping through the crypts of the Washington Cathedral that is near Half-Moon Street, she comes eye to eye with Raoul Person, a boy just her age as awkward, precocious, and alone as she is. Their story is the beating heart of this novel. They connect immediately, and together they form a partnership to practice "the art of invincibility"-something they'd both been trying to conquer-and christen themselves The Invincible Heels.

He's her fellow knight and from crafting amateur black and white movies, to imitating their actual deaths in makeshift coffins, to a harrowing midnight swim across the Potomac when Elray just escapes drowning, they challenge each other to confront their fears. Although they remain close, as they move into the period termed "The Vertical Bog"-Elray's wry code for puberty-they drift apart. Her interest in filmmaking deepens, and Raoul begins running after the girly-girls.

Elray withdraws, mourns Raoul, and hears less and less from her parents when she touches her scar-she's growing up. She still feels like a failure after their harrowing crossing of the Potomac, combined with typical low self-esteem of her age group, she decides to master her largest fear-going back to Glen Echo and riding again through the Tunnel of Love. Harwood accompanies her, and afterwards, she finally feels like a young adult.

And happening all at the same time, Elray's paternal grandmother-long thought dead-resurfaces and sues for custody of her granddaughter she claims to have faked her death in a fire at Blackie's House of Beef to free her family from her destructive drinking and gambling ways.