Once she's done, she goes to the kitchen to have a drink. As she enters, she sees her husband there, reading a magazine. He says, "Hi darling, your parents have come to visit us, so I let them stay in our bedroom. Did you say hello? A married man was having an affair with his secretary. One day, their passions overcame them in the office and they took off for her house.
Exhausted from the afternoon's activities, they fell asleep and awoke at around 8 p. As the man threw on his clothes, he told the woman to take his shoes outside and rub them through the grass and dirt. Confused, she nonetheless complied and he slipped into his shoes and drove home. I've been having an affair with my secretary. I fell asleep in her bed and didn't wake up until eight o'clock.
You've been playing golf! Ralph is driving home one evening, when he suddenly realizes that it's his daughter's birthday and he hasn't bought her a present. He drives to the mall, runs to the toy store, and says to the shop assistant, "How much is that Barbie in the window? Submit Joke. Think about somebody who is walking with their ass literally dragging on the ground. To do something with less or far less than your best effort.
To protect yourself or someone else or getting into trouble in a problematic situation protect yourself from risk , usually within an organization or something related to the law. Example: He lost his job because he had a bad habit of showing up a few minutes late every day and his boss was a hardass.
- Strange Heroes #1.
- Life In His Hands!
- De la relation daide à la relation dêtres : La réciprocité transformatrice (Histoire de vie et formation) (French Edition).
I already paid you. This can mean literally to have somebody perform anal sex on you, or figuratively it means that you are getting a bad deal and somebody probably an asshole-jerk is probably taking advantage of you. When someone is giving you trouble and not giving you enough space.
This can happen with your boss at work, who is on your ass for showing up late, or in the car on your highway with the car behind you who is on your ass driving very close to you. Appropriateness: Common amongst friends, depending on the tone it can be disrespectful if you say it to somebody in authority. The principal is coming.
A very imposing way to say that you belong to me, or you are under my control, often implying that you will face consequences for something. This is also a way to tell someone that you caught them. Now your ass is mine. Something or somebody that is extremely annoying, that causes trouble, that is a source of unhappiness.
Example: I bought the pool thinking it was going to be fun, but then it became a pain in the ass when I realized I had to clean it. Fine amongst friends in a joking way. As you can see, there are LOTS of expressions with the word ASS, and they can mean good things or bad things and everything in between. Have a great day! Return to Top Articles.
How to add humor to your speech—without being a comedian
I only know few uses of the term " Ass" and now I know lots of new uses for this word. Cheers and thank you for reading and commenting! Great article. I translated and laughed a lot. After I understood the correct. No what i was thinking. Bye Justin. Thank you, Jessica! Justin, Thanks for all of that and nothing like your comments to refresh my English every week. You guys are badass of teaching us English for real life. Everyone has their own type of intelligence and their own way of […]. For those who are interested in the Awesome site. These relationships can be either one-way or a mutual back and forth between partners.
The behaviour is such that in any other social context it would express and arouse hostility; but it is not meant seriously and must not be taken seriously. There is a pretence of hostility along with a real friendliness. To put it in another way, the relationship is one of permitted disrespect. But they have since been identified in cultures around the world, where jokes and joking are used to mark and re-inforce appropriate boundaries of a relationship.
The advent of electronic communications at the end of the 20th century introduced new traditions into jokes. A verbal joke or cartoon is emailed to a friend or posted on a bulletin board ; reactions include a replied email with a :- or LOL , or a forward on to further recipients. Interaction is limited to the computer screen and for the most part solitary. While preserving the text of a joke, both context and variants are lost in internet joking; for the most part emailed jokes are passed along verbatim.
The forward of an email joke can increase the number of recipients exponentially. Internet joking forces a re-evaluation of social spaces and social groups. They are no longer only defined by physical presence and locality, they also exist in the connectivity in cyberspace. A study by the folklorist Bill Ellis documented how an evolving cycle was circulated over the internet. Now, an Internet-enhanced collection creates a time machine, as it were, where we can observe what happens in the period before the risible moment, when attempts at humour are unsuccessful".
A joke cycle is a collection of jokes about a single target or situation which displays consistent narrative structure and type of humour. Some well-known cycles are elephant jokes using nonsense humour, dead baby jokes incorporating black humour and light bulb jokes , which describe all kinds of operational stupidity. Joke cycles can centre on ethnic groups, professions viola jokes , catastrophes, settings …walks into a bar , absurd characters wind-up dolls , or logical mechanisms which generate the humour knock-knock jokes.
- Le case degli uomini - Score.
- Why I Chose to Believe in My Marriage Healing!
- East of the Sun and West of the Moon - Old Tales From the North - Illustrated by Kay Nielsen.
Folklorists and others have studied individual joke cycles in an attempt to understand their function and significance within the culture. These cycles arise regularly as a response to terrible unexpected events which command the national news. An in-depth analysis of the Challenger joke cycle documents a change in the type of humour circulated following the disaster, from February to March The sociologist Christie Davies has written extensively on ethnic jokes told in countries around the world. In a review of Davies' theories it is said that "For Davies, [ethnic] jokes are more about how joke tellers imagine themselves than about how they imagine those others who serve as their putative targets…The jokes thus serve to center one in the world — to remind people of their place and to reassure them that they are in it.
A third category of joke cycles identifies absurd characters as the butt: for example the grape, the dead baby or the elephant. Beginning in the s, social and cultural interpretations of these joke cycles, spearheaded by the folklorist Alan Dundes , began to appear in academic journals.
Dead baby jokes are posited to reflect societal changes and guilt caused by widespread use of contraception and abortion beginning in the s. As folktales and other types of oral literature became collectibles throughout Europe in the 19th century Brothers Grimm et al. The Aarne—Thompson classification system was first published in by Antti Aarne , and later expanded by Stith Thompson to become the most renowned classification system for European folktales and other types of oral literature.
Its final section addresses anecdotes and jokes , listing traditional humorous tales ordered by their protagonist; "This section of the Index is essentially a classification of the older European jests, or merry tales — humorous stories characterized by short, fairly simple plots. A more granular classification system used widely by folklorists and cultural anthropologists is the Thompson Motif Index , which separates tales into their individual story elements.
This system enables jokes to be classified according to individual motifs included in the narrative: actors, items and incidents. It does not provide a system to classify the text by more than one element at a time while at the same time making it theoretically possible to classify the same text under multiple motifs. The Thompson Motif Index has spawned further specialised motif indices, each of which focuses on a single aspect of one subset of jokes. A sampling of just a few of these specialised indices have been listed under other motif indices.
Here one can select an index for medieval Spanish folk narratives,  another index for linguistic verbal jokes,  and a third one for sexual humour. Several difficulties have been identified with these systems of identifying oral narratives according to either tale types or story elements.
A second problem with these systems is that the listed motifs are not qualitatively equal; actors, items and incidents are all considered side-by-side. This leads to confusion about both where to order an item and where to find it. A third significant problem is that the "excessive prudery" common in the middle of the 20th century means that obscene, sexual and scatological elements were regularly ignored in many of the indices.
The folklorist Robert Georges has summed up the concerns with these existing classification systems:. Any one or combination of these multiple and varied aspects of a folklore example [such as jokes] might emerge as dominant in a specific situation or for a particular inquiry. It has proven difficult to organise all different elements of a joke into a multi-dimensional classification system which could be of real value in the study and evaluation of this primarily oral complex narrative form.
This classification system was developed specifically for jokes and later expanded to include longer types of humorous narratives. These six KRs of the joke structure include:. For example, a lightbulb joke SI will always be in the form of a riddle NS. Outside of these restrictions, the KRs can create a multitude of combinations, enabling a researcher to select jokes for analysis which contain only one or two defined KRs. It also allows for an evaluation of the similarity or dissimilarity of jokes depending on the similarity of their labels.
Many academic disciplines lay claim to the study of jokes and other forms of humour as within their purview. Fortunately there are enough jokes, good, bad and worse, to go around. Unfortunately the studies of jokes from each of the interested disciplines brings to mind the tale of the blind men and an elephant where the observations, although accurate reflections of their own competent methodological inquiry, frequently fail to grasp the beast in its entirety.
This attests to the joke as a traditional narrative form which is indeed complex, concise and complete in and of itself. Sigmund Freud was one of the first modern scholars to recognise jokes as an important object of investigation. Since the publication of Freud's study, psychologists have continued to explore humour and jokes in their quest to explain, predict and control an individual's "sense of humour". Why do people laugh? Why do people find something funny? Can jokes predict character, or vice versa, can character predict the jokes an individual laughs at? What is a "sense of humour"?
A current review of the popular magazine Psychology Today lists over articles discussing various aspects of humour; in psychospeak [ neologism? A new psychological assessment tool, the Values in Action Inventory developed by the American psychologists Christopher Peterson and Martin Seligman includes humour and playfulness as one of the core character strengths of an individual. As such, it could be a good predictor of life satisfaction. A survey of existing tools to measure humour identified more than 60 psychological measurement instruments. There are tools to measure an individual's physical response by their smile ; the Facial Action Coding System FACS is one of several tools used to identify any one of multiple types of smiles.
The best comedy podcasts for when you want to laugh
It must be stressed here that both smiles and laughter are not always a response to something funny. In trying to develop a measurement tool, most systems use "jokes and cartoons" as their test materials. However, because no two tools use the same jokes, and across languages this would not be feasible, how does one determine that the assessment objects are comparable? Moving on, whom does one ask to rate the sense of humour of an individual? Does one ask the person themselves, an impartial observer, or their family, friends and colleagues? Furthermore, has the current mood of the test subjects been considered; someone with a recent death in the family might not be much prone to laughter.
Given the plethora of variants revealed by even a superficial glance at the problem,  it becomes evident that these paths of scientific inquiry are mined with problematic pitfalls and questionable solutions. Their goal is to empirically test both the six autonomous classification types KRs and the hierarchical ordering of these KRs. Advancement in this direction would be a win-win for both fields of study; linguistics would have empirical verification of this multi-dimensional classification system for jokes, and psychology would have a standardised joke classification with which they could develop verifiably comparable measurement tools.
Linguists study words, how words are strung together to build sentences, how sentences create meaning which can be communicated from one individual to another, how our interaction with each other using words creates discourse. Jokes have been defined above as oral narrative in which words and sentences are engineered to build toward a punchline.
- Gift of Peace: The Jimmy Carter Story (ZonderKidz Biography);
- Browse Popular Jokes:.
- Stanzas and Stuff.
- Vogelfänger: Thriller (German Edition)!
- Raising the Bar: Integrity and Passion in Life and Business: The Story of Clif Bar Inc..
The linguist's question is: what exactly makes the punchline funny? This question focuses on how the words used in the punchline create humour, in contrast to the psychologist's concern see above with the audience response to the punchline. The assessment of humour by psychologists "is made from the individual's perspective; e. Two major new linguistic theories have been developed and tested within the last decades.
It then goes on to identify the mechanisms involved in creating the punchline. Several years later the SSTH was incorporated into a more expansive theory of jokes put forth by Raskin and his colleague Salvatore Attardo. Together these six KRs could now function as a multi-dimensional descriptive label for any piece of humorous text. Linguistics has developed further methodological tools which can be applied to jokes: discourse analysis and conversation analysis of joking.
Both of these subspecialties within the field focus on "naturally occurring" language use, i. One of these studies has already been discussed above, where Harvey Sacks describes in detail the sequential organisation in the telling a single joke. Folklore and cultural anthropology have perhaps the strongest claims on jokes as belonging to their bailiwick. Jokes remain one of the few remaining forms of traditional folk literature transmitted orally in western cultures.
As a genre they were important enough at the beginning of the 20th century to be included under their own heading in the Aarne—Thompson index first published in Anecdotes and jokes. Beginning in the s, cultural researchers began to expand their role from collectors and archivists of "folk ideas"  to a more active role of interpreters of cultural artefacts.
One of the foremost scholars active during this transitional time was the folklorist Alan Dundes. He started asking questions of tradition and transmission with the key observation that "No piece of folklore continues to be transmitted unless it means something, even if neither the speaker nor the audience can articulate what that meaning might be. Why is the joke told right now?
Only in this expanded perspective is an understanding of its meaning to the participants possible. This questioning resulted in a blossoming of monographs to explore the significance of many joke cycles. What is so funny about absurd nonsense elephant jokes? Why make light of dead babies? In an article on contemporary German jokes about Auschwitz and the Holocaust, Dundes justifies this research: "Whether one finds Auschwitz jokes funny or not is not an issue.
This material exists and should be recorded. Jokes are always an important barometer of the attitudes of a group. The jokes exist and they obviously must fill some psychic need for those individuals who tell them and those who listen to them. In his book Humor and Laughter: An Anthropological Approach ,  the anthropologist Mahadev Apte presents a solid case for his own academic perspective. While the label "humorology" has yet to become a household word, great strides are being made in the international recognition of this interdisciplinary field of research.
The International Society for Humor Studies was founded in with the stated purpose to "promote, stimulate and encourage the interdisciplinary study of humour; to support and cooperate with local, national, and international organizations having similar purposes; to organize and arrange meetings; and to issue and encourage publications concerning the purpose of the society.
Computational humour is a new field of study which uses computers to model humour;  it bridges the disciplines of computational linguistics and artificial intelligence. A primary ambition of this field is to develop computer programs which can both generate a joke and recognise a text snippet as a joke. Early programming attempts have dealt almost exclusively with punning because this lends itself to simple straightforward rules. These primitive programs display no intelligence; instead they work off a template with a finite set of pre-defined punning options upon which to build.
More sophisticated computer joke programs have yet to be developed. The linguistic scripts a. As insentient machines, computers lack the encyclopaedic scripts which humans gain through life experience. They also lack the ability to gather the experiences needed to build wide-ranging semantic scripts and understand language in a broader context, a context that any child picks up in daily interaction with his environment. Further development in this field must wait until computational linguists have succeeded in programming a computer with an ontological semantic natural language processing system.
Despite the fact that the field of computational humour is small and underdeveloped, it is encouraging to note the many interdisciplinary efforts which are currently underway. In , Charles Darwin published one of the first "comprehensive and in many ways remarkably accurate description of laughter in terms of respiration, vocalization, facial action and gesture and posture" Laughter.
To understand laughter in humans and other primates, the science of gelotology from the Greek gelos , meaning laughter has been established; it is the study of laughter and its effects on the body from both a psychological and physiological perspective. While jokes can provoke laughter, laughter cannot be used as a one-to-one marker of jokes because there are multiple stimuli to laugher, humour being just one of them. The other six causes of laughter listed are: social context, ignorance, anxiety, derision, acting apology, and tickling. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the form of humour. For other uses, see Joke disambiguation. For the horse, see Jest horse. Main category: Joke cycles. Conditional joke Bar jokes Bellman jokes Blonde joke , lawyer joke and Microsoft joke cycles.
Ragan.com Daily Headlines
Comedy portal Folklore portal. Because humour may difficult to define their condition was "a clear set-up and punch line structure". In review, McDonald stated: "