Manual Durham: Over 1,000 Years of History and Legend

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BBC - History - British History in depth: The Cathedrals of Britain

A Walk Around the Snickelways of York. Mark W. Manchester Then and Now. Jonathan Schofield. Your review has been submitted successfully. Not registered? Forgotten password Please enter your email address below and we'll send you a link to reset your password. Not you? Forgotten password? Forgotten password Use the form below to recover your username and password. New details will be emailed to you. Simply reserve online and pay at the counter when you collect. Available in shop from just two hours, subject to availability. Your order is now being processed and we have sent a confirmation email to you at.

This item can be requested from the shops shown below. If this item isn't available to be reserved nearby, add the item to your basket instead and select 'Deliver to my local shop' at the checkout, to be able to collect it from there at a later date. Preferred contact method Email Text message. On the sea front there is a fun fair, whilst just across the road you can enjoy gentle walks through South Marine Park with its boating lake, birds and miniature steam railway.

Take a rest while feeding the swans and ducks or take in a game of bowls or a round of the putting green in North Marine Park. South Shields Market is the focal point for the town centre and attracts thousands of visitors and bargain hunters from near and far.

Theatrum Mundi, Durham, July 2016

Each week it is alive with the buzz of bargain hunters and the banter of stall holders. The market is held in a traditional square with the Eighteenth century old town hall at its heart and the historic church of St Hilda standing to the South. The magnificent coastline has been fashioned by storms and the uncompromising North Sea and here you'll find wildlife, hidden coves, twisting cliff top paths and cycle ways. There are numerous places to eat, ranging from traditional fish and chips, serving fresh North Sea cod, to bars and restaurants of every nationality. Hartlepool has many unique attractions,including a stunning new multi-million pound Marina complex and an old town steeped in 1, years of history.

The Marina is one of the most modern in Europe, featuring one of Europe's biggest boat hoists and attracting hundreds of vessels. The Marina is Hartlepool's most alluring and relaxing location, high fashion, waterside restaurants, entertainment venues and romantic promenades may be more characteristic of a continental port, but here in the North East of England, Hartlepool has definitely made marina life its own. Hartlepool Marina's centrepiece has to be the award-winning Historic Quay - a superb re-creation of an 18th century seaport, telling the story of life at sea at the time of Nelson, Napoleon and the Battle of Trafalgar, which dares you to experience life aboard a real British Naval frigate two centuries ago.


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Hartlepool Historic Quay is home to the Tincomalee, Europe's oldest floating warship where you can become entranced by the world of fighting ships and hardy mariners, turn your hand to seafaring games and physical tasks, face the daily challenges, nautical rituals and the hardship of maritime life in days gone by Beamish Museum , the "living museum of the north", is another not to be missed attraction; remember to leave at least a full day to appreciate the many attractions, far too many to mention here but including a steam railway, electric trams, a farm and a colliery.

This section of coast line comprises over a mile of 60 foot high coastal cliffs and shore platforms, and is situated approximately 5 miles north of Hartlepool. The view from the grassy cliff tops over the North Sea is breathtaking and an ideal place to marvel at the aerobatic skills of the multitudes of seabirds. In the later Middle Ages, the wealthy would pay for private chapels to be built where their families could say mass in private. Salisbury Cathedral is one of twenty cathedrals that were built after the Battle of Hastings in when William the Conqueror seized control of England and Wales.

It is built in the Early English Gothic style and has a simple layout in the shape of a cross. This cathedral is built of 70 thousand tons of stone with over three thousand tons of timber for the roof which was covered with tons of lead. Much of the stone came from nearby quarries.


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At this time, cathedral construction was at the cutting edge of building technology, and errors of judgement led to the collapse of the central towers at both Winchester and Lincoln. With foundations only four feet deep, Salisbury was lucky to escape this when the imposing spire was added. However, the columns of the central crossing are now bowed by around ten inches. St Paul's was the first British cathedral to be built for the Anglican faith at the end of the s. It is therefore ironic that its famous architect, Sir Christopher Wren, borrowed heavily from the Catholic Renaissance by adopting such features as the dome and Corinthian columns.

The Vikings burnt it down in and it was rebuilt in the Gothic style. This was begun in and completed two centuries later in This cathedral was then destroyed in the Great Fire of London in Wren's masterpiece was started in and took 35 years to complete.

An historical road trip through the North East of the UK

Unlike many of the medieval masons, whose cathedrals took centuries to complete, Wren was able to see it finished. On the inner dome, there are frescoes of scenes from the life of St Paul. Wren died at 91 and his tomb is marked by a black marble slab in the St Paul's crypt. The Gothic cathedral, St Michael's of Coventry , was destroyed on the night of 14th November when some tons of high explosives and 40, fire bombs were dropped on the city. All that remained of the old cathedral was the spire and the building's shell.

The new cathedral was built next to the old in the s and the early s. The architect Basil Spencer had won the competition with his radical departure from the Gothic original. He recalled that when the plans for the new steel and concrete cathedral were revealed in the press, he received hundreds of letters the next morning.

Whilst medieval cathedrals took centuries, the new Coventry Cathedral took just six years to build. The one-and-a-half ton metal spire was flown in by helicopter and, according to contemporary news footage, took just eight minutes to install. In the s, the old Minster was destroyed to make way for the new cathedral. This is one of the largest medieval churches in the world thanks to a nave of over metres long and provides a fitting home for the Bishops of Winchester, some of whom weren't just the wealthiest men in England but in Europe as well. The Bishops' power and affluence is indicated by the many grand memorial chapels in the cathedral which house their tombs.

For centuries, Winchester was a place of pilgrimage.

Bishop Auckland, Durham

It was the last resting place of Saint Swithun who lived in the 9th century. After his death, his bones were said to heal the sick and pilgrims flocked to the cathedral in their thousands. Stalls were set up to sell relics and clay models of the parts of the body that required healing. These were then placed in the shrine in the hope of a miracle cure.

Winchester Cathedral boasts some of the finest medieval wood carving in Britain, if not Europe. In the 13th century England's greatest carpenter, William Lyngewode, spent four years decorating the cathedral's stalls. Another outstanding example of its medieval art is the Great Screen. It was erected in the s but the original statues with their vivid colours didn't survive England's religious upheavals.

Now, only the whitewashed backdrop of the original screen remains while the current statues are Victorian. Events have taken their toll on the cathedral. The locals pieced it together but in a rather haphazard way, and it has the appearance of a rather abstract art work. The cathedral is also home to the beautifully decorated Winchester Bible, the best example of a 12th century bible in the country. The scale of the Church's power can be imagined when it is considered that it controlled one third of the country's wealth before Henry VIII stripped it of much of its lands and privileges.

One of the major glories of this cathedral is the West Front. It was begun in and, on its completion, boasted the largest collection of figurative statues in the western world at that time. It depicts the history of the world as told in the Bible, and shows Christ flanked by angels above statues of the disciples and kings as well as martyrs and confessors.

The West Front is flanked by two towers. Sound was also part of the religious spectacle.

Within the cathedral is a special gallery where the choristers sang hymns to the people gathered outside. The sound was channelled to the outside thanks to a series of carefully hidden holes in the West Front. The singing would have occured on religious occasions such as Palm Sunday. The original central tower of Wells Cathedral was damaged by an earthquake in the 13th century.