PDF Language: Normal and Pathological Development (Mariani Foudation Paediatric Neurology)

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Hypotonia is related to lesions in both central and peripheral nervous system. KSS: Kearns-Sayre syndrome. Systemic mitochondrial disorder characterized by CPEO, heart conduction defects, and progressive loss of hearing. It is usually related to large deletions of mtDNA. Lactate cannot be further utilized and therefore accumulates in blood and urine. Under physiolgic conditions, lactate accumulates in muscle tissue following a strenuous or prolonged exercise, leading to muscle aches and cramps. In mitochondrial disorders, lactate overprodution is related to an inadequate oxygen supply to the cells resulting from an impairment of oxidative phosphorylation.

It usually runs a progressive course. This term is sometimes used to indicate a mitochondrial disorder. Mitochondria are surrounded by a smooth outer membrane and by an inner membrane folded into cristae. It may be associated with diseases of the cerebellum and its central connections, the eye or the inner ear. In certain circumstances, it may also be produced as a normal phenomenon. PEARSON syndrome: severe pathologic condition of the child, resulting in an impairment of bone marrow and pancreas functions.

Children with Pearson syndrome sometimes develop KSS in older life. PDH: Pyruvate dehydrogenase. Mitochondrial enzymatic complex catalysing the conversion of pyruvate into Acetyl-CoA. PDH deficiency may result in Leigh syndrome. PTOSIS: drooping of the eyelid upon the eyeball, related to weakness of the muscle levator palpebrae superioris.

A larynx area in the human motor cortex. Cortex Listening to musical rhythms recruits motor regions of the brain. Moving on time: brain network for auditory-motor synchronization is modulated by rhythm complexity and musical training. Dalla Bella S. Singing out of tune: Disturbances of vocal performance in the general population. Grahn JA, Brett M. Rhythm and beat perception in motor areas of the brain.

Rhythmic brain activities related to singing in humans. Neuroimage Morphometry of the amusic brain: a two-site study. Resonating to musical rhythm: theory and experiment.


Grondin S, ed. The Psychology of Time. Elsevier, New York. Congenital amusia: an auditory-motor feedback disorder? Tonal expectations influence pitch perception. Language, music, syntax and the brain. The linguistic benefits of musical abilities. Trends Cogn Sci. The influence of metricality and modality on synchronization with a beat. Brain Res. Peretz I, Zatorre RJ. Brain organization for music processing. Decrease in early right alpha band phase synchronization and late gamma band oscillations in processing syntax in music.

Brain Mapp. Songs as an aid for language acquisition. Cognition Shannon RV. Speech and music have different requirements for spectral resolution. Musical training and vocal production of speech and song. Music Perception Musical experience shapes human brainstem encoding of linguistic pitch patterns. Infants' memory for musical performances. When the brain plays music: auditory—motor interactions in music perception and production. This site uses cookies. Learn more.

I Agree Cancel. News and Publications. Reported by Kathleen McGowan. Promoted by the Pierfranco and Luisa Mariani Foundation. Musical Man Open Questions Introduction. Overview Music has special access to the human brain. This conference and eBriefing promoted by:. Interactions between auditory and dorsal premotor cortex during synchronization to musical rhythms. Her research interests include the biological foundations of music, how the brain is organized for music, music-specific impairments, neural correlates of musical emotions, speech prosody, music and speech in singing, and the neural correlates of pitch-related deficits.

Robert J. He heads the Auditory Processing Laboratory, which conducts basic research to understand the function of complex auditory processes, especially the processing of musical sounds and speech. He also works on auditory spatial processes and cross-modal plasticity, as well as anatomical measures of auditory cortex and its relation to hemispheric asymmetries. She heads the Laboratory for Motor Learning and Neural Plasticity, which investigates changes in the human brain that occur due to motor learning and performance.

Her team is working to identify brain regions that control changes in movement kinematics through learning, specific kinematic parameters that change as a skill is acquired, and how musical training affects the ability to learn. Since the s he has conducted research in neurophysiology, in particular epilepsy. Her combined interests in child neurology and music have driven her toward the Mariani Foundation, where she has consulted in its neuroscience and music project since Maria Majno, PhD Pierfranco and Luisa Mariani Foundation e-mail web site publications Maria Majno is executive director of the Fondazione Pierfranco e Luisa Mariani for Child Neurology Milan, Italy , a nonprofit organization dedicated to care and services, research, and continuous specialized education in the field of developmental disabilities.

Ever since her initial involvement with the Mariani Foundation in , she has been in charge of general management and programming of training and international meetings, and of related publishing activities. Her background in the humanities and music has steered her interest toward the relationship between music and the neurosciences, which in recent years has become a main focus of the Foundation's activities. Keynote Speaker Steven Mithen, PhD University of Reading e-mail web site Stephen Mithen is an archeologist whose work centers on four themes: late Pleistocene and early Holocene hunter-gatherers and farmers; computational archeology; the evolution of the human mind, language, and music; and water, life, and civilization.

He completed his PhD in archaeology at Cambridge University. Between and he was a research fellow at Trinity Hall and then lecturer in archaeology at Cambridge. After moving to the University of Reading, he was promoted to senior lecturer , reader , and then professor of early prehistory He was elected as a Fellow of the British Academy in To understand cognitive function, neuroscientists often look to the exceptions: people with exceptional abilities or deficits. Tone-deafness, a specific deficit of melodic processing, may not present a major challenge to leading a normal life, but it's useful in the lab, said Aniruddh Patel of the Neurosciences Institute in San Diego: "It's exciting for cognitive neuroscience in general, because it gives us a system to trace the path between genes and complex cognition.

Untrained singers believe they cannot carry a tune, although pitch and time analyses reveal that most are actually adequate. Patel, exploring how this core deficit affects speech comprehension making it difficult, for example, to distinguish between questions and statements in English , probes how amusics discriminate melodic contours, changes in the pace and direction of pitch during a sentence. He suggested that humans' unusual sensitivity to relative pitch in comparison with other animals could indicate that a natural range of genetic variations arose and was maintained in the population over the course of evolution.

The most extreme variations give rise to this specific deficit. Amusia, most commonly described in terms of the failure to perceive or reproduce pitch change, he argued, may also have several subtypes, such as rhythmic deficits. The science of bad singing is generating many provocative findings about the mechanisms that underlie musical production.

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Untrained singers generally believe they cannot carry a tune, although pitch and time analyses reveal that most are actually adequate singers. For those few who truly cannot sing, the cause of failure is not obvious: Is it a lapse of vocal control, or an inability to match perception with production? Simone Dalla Bella of the Warsaw University of Finance and Management, in describing the phenotypes of bad singers, has found a variety of selective errors, but in general, poor singers are more likely to sing out of tune than out of time.

Most people can reproduce the pitch and time intervals of a tune with reasonable accuracy, but bad singers who err by more than two standard deviations when reproducing pitch tend also to make mistakes in timing. Hearing and recognizing music come naturally to most of us, but are the result of complex cognition, requiring sensitive attention to pitch variations, rhythm processing, and the ability to distinguish timbre. Transcripts are output in a Tab Delimited Format TDF , which is easily converted to other common formats and is readily usable by downstream manual and automatic annotation tasks.

Biological terminology is a frequent cause of analysis errors when processing literature written in the biology domain, due largely to the high degree of variation in term forms, to the frequent mis-matches between labels of controlled vocabularies and ontologies on the one hand and the forms actually occurring in text on the other, and to the lack of detailed formal information on the linguistic behaviour of domain terms.

BioLexicon is a linguistic resource for the biology domain, tailored to cope with these problems. Moreover, extensive information is provided on how verbs and nominalised verbs in the domain behave at both syntactic and semantic levels, supporting thus applications aiming at discovery of relations and events involving biological entities in text. This comprehensive coverage of biological terms makes BioLexicon a unique linguistic resource within the domain. It is primarily intended to support text mining and information retrieval in the biomedical domain, however its standards-based structure and rich content make it a valuable resource for many other kinds of application.

With these resources, ELRA is willing to extend the current catalogue, by offering specialized resources and thus allow a better coverage of the language. Within this framework, we are working on a global directory of players, experts, projects and Language resources related to Arabic Human Language Technology. The collected information will be made available through a Knowledge Base. It contains over 2. Over 60 speakers per language pronounced numbers, sentences, isolated words using close talking microphone.

It consists of the recordings and annotations of read text material of approximately 10 hours of speech for baseline applications Text-to-Speech systems. Each speaker uttered around 40 read and spontaneous items. With this work, ELRA aims at rendering its catalogue more visible to the wider community and it contributes to sharing information on Language Resources through standardized metadata sets.

From that website, ELRA resources can be searched, alongside resources from 40 other language archives. The PhD thesis will focus on the multilingual portability of speech understanding systems.

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For example, the candidate will investigate techniques to fast adapt an understanding system from one language to another and creating low-cost resources with semi automatic methods, for instance by using automatic alignment techniques and lightly supervised translations. The main contribution will be to fill the gap between the techniques currently used in the statistical machine translation and spoken language understanding fields.

The applicants should be fluent in English. Competence in French is optional, though applicants will be encouraged to acquire this skill during training. All applicants should have very good programming skills. Lefevre at univ-avignon. Besacier at imag. MARCS Auditory Laboratories is a multi-disciplinary research centre involved in research in auditory perception and cognition, particularly in the fields of speech and language, music, sound and action, and hearing and auditory processes.

Position Enquiries : Professor Denis Burnham, 02 or email d. Closing Date: The closing date for this position has been extended until 30 June Schwartz, Frederic. Berthommier gipsa-lab. The main objective of the ASH project is to define and experiment an original methodological framework for the integration of heterogeneous automatic speech recognition systems. Integrating heterogeneous systems, and hence heterogeneous sources of knowledge, is a key issue in ASR but also in many other applicative fields concerned with knowledge integration and multimodality.

Clearly, the lack of a generic framework to integrate systems operating with different viewpoints, different types of knowledge and at different levels is a strong limitation that needs to be overcome: the definition of such a framework is the fundamental challenge of this work. By defining a rigorous and generic framework to integrate systems, significant scientific progresses are expected in automatic speech recognition.

Another objective of this project is to enable the efficient and reliable processing of large data streams by combining systems on the y. At last, we expect to develop an on-the-fly ASR system as a real-time demonstrator of this new approach. The applicants for this PhD position should be fluent in English or in French. This position is funded by the ANR. PI addresses spoken language processing notably speech recognition for under-resourced languages or?

From a scientific point of view, the interest and originality of this project consists in proposing viable innovative methods that go far beyond the simple retraining or adaptation of acoustic and linguistic models. From an operational point of view, this project aims at providing a free open source ASR development kit for? We plan to distribute and evaluate such a development kit by deploying ASR systems for new under-resourced languages with very poor resources from Asia Khmer, Lao and Africa Bantu languages. This includes : supervising the resource collection in relation with the language partners , propose innovative methods to quickly develop ASR systems for these languages, evaluation.

Applicants should hold a PhD related to spoken language processing. Competence in French is optional, though applicants will be encouraged to acquire this skill during the postdoc. For further information, please contact Laurent Besacier Laurent. The goal of this research project is to investigate the essential role of corrective feedback in L2 learning of syntax in oral proficiency.

It will proceed from a granular level investigating the short-term effects of different types of feedback moves on different types of learners, to a global level by studying whether the granular, short-term effects also generalize to actual learning in the long term. Corrective feedback will be provided through a CALL system that makes use of automatic speech recognition.

As a PhD student you will study which feedback moves lead to immediate uptake and acquisition in learners with a high level of education PhD1 or learners with a low level of education PhD2. You are expected to start in November You will be part of an international and interdisciplinary team and will work in a motivating research environment. Matlab, Perl ; - an interest in second language acquisition; - a working knowledge of Dutch and a good command of the English language. Organization The Faculty of Arts consists of eleven departments in the fields of language and culture, history, history of arts, linguistics and business communication, which together cater for about 2, students and collaborate closely in teaching and research.

The project will be carried out at the Centre for Language Studies as part of the Linguistic Information Processing and Communicative Competences research programmes. Additional conditions of employment The total duration of the contract is 3. The PhD students will receive an initial contract for 18 months with possible extension by 2 years.

The short-listed applicants will be interviewed in September Additional Information Prof. Roeland van Hout r. Catia Cucchiarini c. Helmer Strik h. Application You can apply for the job mention the vacancy number David Mellinger. This is a full-time 1. Individuals with a Ph.

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For questions, please email Jessica. Waddell oregonstate. Mellinger oregonstate. For full consideration, apply by September 21, It is becoming increasingly important to be able to efficiently and automatically search, index and access information from these audio information sources. All can affect the diarisation performance dramatically. The aim of this research is to develop a framework and methods for better exploiting the sources of prior information that are generally available in many applications with the view to making portable, robust speaker diarisation systems a reality.

Examples of relevant prior information include identities of participating speakers, models describing the characteristics of speakers in general or of a specific known speaker, models of the effects that recording conditions and domains have on acoustic features and knowledge of the recording domain. International students are encouraged to apply.

The opportunity also exists for cotutelle PhD with the French partner university. Information on Brisbane and Queensland University of Technology can be found at www. The salary is tax-exempt. Interested students are encouraged to contact both the project leader Prof.

SyllabO+: A new tool to study sublexical phenomena in spoken Quebec French | SpringerLink

Applicants are asked to provide: - cover letter describing your interest in the project - curriculum vitae indicating degrees obtained, disciplines covered list of courses , publications, and other relevant experience. Deadlines for applications: 10 September We invite applications from motivated young scientists with a background in computer science, linguistics, psychology, robotics, mathematics, cognitive science or similar areas, that are willing to contribute to the cross-disciplinary research agenda of our research group. Research and development are directed towards understanding the processes and functional constituents of cognitive interaction, and establishing cognitive interfaces and robots that facilitate the use of complex technical systems.

Bielefeld University provides a unique environment for research in cognitive and intelligent systems by bringing together researchers from all over the world in a variety of relevant disciplines under the roof of central institutions such as the Excellence Center of Cognitive Interaction Technology CITEC or the Research Institute for Cognition and Robotics CoR-Lab. All applications should include: a short cover letter indicating the motivation and research interests of the candidate, a CV including a list of publications, and relevant certificates of academic qualification.

Bielefeld University is an equal opportunity employer. Women are especially encouraged to apply and in the case of comparable competences and qualification, will be given preference. Bielefeld University explicitly encourages disabled people to apply. Bielefeld University offers a family friendly environment and special arrangements for child care and double carrier opportunities. Please send your application with reference to one of the three offered research areas no later than Email: shoeke techfak. Naphade, J. Smith, J. Tesic, S. Chang, W. Kennedy, A. Hauptmann and J.

Quenot imag. Matthey u-grenoble3. Boch u-grenoble3.

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  6. Bailly gipsa-lab. The contract should start on 1 November or 1 December , and is limited to the project duration of one year. Main Tasks. Develop and extend speech synthesis technologies in the speech synthesis system MARY TTS, in view of the realisation of prosody and voice quality modifications in unit selection;. Develop and apply algorithms to annotate prosody and voice quality in expressive speech synthesis corpora;.

    The ideal candidate holds a PhD, or is close to finishing a PhD, in a relevant topic area such as speech signal processing or computer science. Knowledge in the area of planning, carrying out and evaluating perception tests would be a plus. Highly valued personal qualities include creativity, open-mindedness, team spirit, and a willingness to address novel challenges. Fluency in English as a working language is required.

    Contact for Questions. Closing date : 20 October Please send your electronic application with all usual documents to: lt-jobs dfki. Positions include research staff, sabbaticals and post-docs. The COE, located by Johns Hopkins's main campus in Baltimore, Maryland, conducts long-term research on fundamental challenges that are critical for real-world problems. Applicants must have a Ph. Note: Although researchers are expected to publish in open peer-reviewed venues, the position requires a security clearance.

    Security clearances require U. Call for Papers. Mohonk Mountain House. New Paltz, New York. October , The objective of this workshop is to. Technical sessions will be scheduled throughout the day. Afternoons will be. Papers describing original research and new concepts are solicited for. Submission of four-page paper: April 15, Notification of acceptance: June 26, Workshop Committee.

    General Co-Chair:. Jacob Benesty. Tomas Gaensler. Technical Program Chair:. Yiteng Arden Huang. WeVoice Inc. Jingdong Chen. Bell Labs. Finance Chair:. Michael Brandstein. Information Systems. Technology Group. MIT Lincoln Lab. Publications Chair:. Eric J. Multimedia Technologies. Avaya Labs Research. Publicity Chair:. Local Arrangements Chair:. Heinz Teutsch. Far East Liaison:. Shoji Makino. NTT Communication Science.

    Laboratories, Japan. Although speech is generally acknowledged as the quintessential carrier of semantic information, spoken audio remains underexploited by multimedia retrieval systems. In particular, the potential of speech technology to improve information access has not yet been successfully extended beyond multimedia content containing scripted speech, such as broadcast news.

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    The SSCS workshop is dedicated to fostering search research based on speech technology as it expands into spoken content domains involving non-scripted, less-highly conventionalized, conversational speech characterized by wide variability of speaking styles and recording conditions. Such domains include podcasts, video diaries, lifelogs, meetings, call center recordings, social video networks, Web TV, conversational broadcast, lectures, discussions, debates, interviews and cultural heritage archives.

    This year we are setting a particular focus on the user and the use of speech techniques and technology in real-life multimedia access systems and have chosen the theme "Speech technology in the multimedia access framework. Biomedicine , Washington DC. As the amount of literature and other information in the biomedical. Traditionally, information needs have. Recently, there have been. Although great strides have been made in producing. Therefore, the task at hand is to develop natural language.

    This workshop will explore a broad range of. Some specific topics include:. August 10, Due date for full workshop papers submission. September 10, Notification of paper acceptance to authors. September 17, Camera-ready of accepted papers. November , Workshops. Workshop co-chairs:. Workshop PC members:. Eugene Agichtein, Emory University. Alan Aronson, NLM.

    James Cimino, NIH. Kevin Cohen, University of Colorado. Chris Chute, Mayo Clinic. Bob Futrelle, Northeastern University. Henk Harkema, University of Pittsburgh. Susan McRoy, University of Wisconsin. Serguei Pakhomov, University of Minnesota. Tim Patrick, University of Wisconsin. Thomas Rindflesch, NLM. Pete White, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.

    John Wilbur, NLM. The joint conference will focus on major trends and challenges in this area, and work to identify a roadmap for future research and commercial success. ICMI-MLMI will feature a single-track main conference with keynote speakers, panel discussions, technical paper presentations, poster sessions, and demonstrations of state of the art multimodal systems and concepts. It will be followed by workshops.

    Organized in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, ICMI-MLMI 09 provides an excellent setting for brainstorming and sharing the latest advances in multimodal interaction, systems and methods in an inspired setting of a city, known as one of the top historical, technological and scientific centers of the US. The following is a list of co-located workshops. Date: 5. Language Technologies LT provide an essential support to the challenge of Multilingualism.

    To this regard, the situation is very different across the different languages. Little or sparse data exist for languages in countries or regions where limited efforts have been devoted to such issues in the past, also known as Less-Resourced Languages LRL. The workshop aims at reporting the needs, at presenting achievements and at proposing solutions for the future, both in terms of LR and of LT evaluation, especially in the European, Euro-Mediterranean and regional frameworks. This will allow to identity the factors that have an impact on a potential and shared roadmap towards supplying LR and LT for all languages.

    Paper submission deadline: August Program: The workshop will comprise presentations including keynote talks and a panel session, including a EC representative tentative. In addition, selected speakers will be invited to present their papers to a larger audience at the main LTC conference. E-mail: ltc amu. Call for papers and participation. Human Language Technologies HLT continue to be a challenge for computer science, linguistics and related fields as these areas become an ever more essential element of our everyday technological environment.

    These efforts as well as technological, social and cultural globalization have created a favorable climate for the intensive exchange of novel ideas, concepts and solutions across initially distant disciplines. The conference topics include the following the ordering is not significant :.

    This list is by no means closed and we are open to further proposals. Please do not hesitate to contact us in order to feed us with you suggestions and ideas of how to satisfy your expectation concerning the program. The Program Committee is also open to suggestions concerning accompanying events workshops, exhibits, panels, etc.

    SyllabO+: A new tool to study sublexical phenomena in spoken Quebec French

    Suggestions, ideas and observations may be addressed directly to the LTC Chair by email vetulani amu. The conference accepts papers in English. Papers 5 formatted pages are due by July 31, midnight, any time zone and should not identify the author s in any manner. In order to facilitate submission we have decided to reduce the formatting requirements as much as possible at this stage. Please, however, do observe the following:. Courier is recommended for program listings.

    Character size for the main text should be 10 points, with 11 points leading line spacing. Text should be presented in 2 columns, 8,42 cm each with 0,95 cm between columns gutter.