PDF That Park Near The Underpass - A Primer on the Assassination of President John Kennedy

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The Gulfstream GA jet, coming into Houston, went down about a. The former president had been scheduled to travel to Ecuador for a conference. Tippitt, who was allegedly shot by Oswald the next day; E. The information about the assassination eve meeting at Campisi's was passed to this editor by Houston area sources close to the late CIA operative Roland "Tony" Carnaby, who was gunned down by two Houston policemen in April Carnaby was particularly close to George H. Bush and allegedly carried out "special tasks" for the ex-President.

Perhaps President Kennedy had a clairvoyant inkling of future events. On one occasion, in the White House, Kennedy doodled on a piece of paper. Bush, who the historical record now amply confirms was not only present on Dealey Plaza while President Kennedy was being shot but who was involved in the conspiracy to assassinate the President. The first order of business for any country is the protection of its people.

Considering that the Mossad is quite possibly the most ruthless and efficient intelligence agency in the world, it is peculiar that they have never been scrutinized in relation to the Kennedy assassination, especially when practically every other entity in the world short of Elvis impersonators has been implicated.

In this book, Piper says, "Israel's Mossad was a primary and critical behind the scenes player in the conspiracy that ended the life of JFK. Through its own vast resources and through its international contacts in the intelligence community and in organized crime, Israel had the means, it had the opportunity, and it had the motive to play a major frontline role in the crime of the century - and it did.

Their motive?

John F. Kennedy assassination conspiracy theories | Revolvy

Israel's much touted Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion, who ruled that country from its inception in until he resigned on June 16, , was so enraged at John F. Kennedy for not allowing Israel to become a nuclear power that, Collins asserts, in his final days in office he commanded the Mossad to become involved in a plot to kill America's president.

Ben-Gurion was so convinced that Israel's very survival was in dire jeopardy that in one of his final letters to JFK he said, "Mr. President, my people have the right to exist, and this existence is in danger. In the days leading up to Ben-Gurion's resignation from office, he and JFK had been involved in an unpublicized, contentious debate over the possibility of Israel getting nuclear capabilities. Their disagreement eventually escalated into a full-fledged war of words that was virtually ignored in the press. Maybe this is the case because Ben-Gurion's rage and frustration became so intense - and his power so great within Israel - that Piper contends it was at the center of the conspiracy to kill John Kennedy.

This stance is supported by New York banker Abe Feinberg, who describes the situation as such: "Ben-Gurion could be vicious, and he had such a hatred of the old man [Joe Kennedy, Sr. Anyway, Ben-Gurion was convinced that Israel needed nuclear weapons to insure its survival, while Kennedy was dead-set against it. This inability to reach an agreement caused obvious problems.

One of them revolved around Kennedy's decision that he would make America his top priority in regard to foreign policy, and not Israel! Kennedy planned to honor the Tripartite Declaration which said that the United States would retaliate against any nation in the Middle East that attacked any other country. Ben-Gurion, on the other hand, wanted the Kennedy Administration to sell them offensive weapons, particularly Hawk missiles.

The two leaders thus engaged in a brutal letter exchange, but Kennedy wouldn't budge. Ben-Gurion, obsessed by this issue, slipped into total paranoia, feeling that Kennedy's obstinance was a blatant threat to the very existence of Israel as a nation. Piper writes, "Ben-Gurion had devoted a lifetime creating a Jewish State and guiding it into the world arena. And, in Ben-Gurion's eyes, John F. Kennedy was an enemy of the Jewish people and his beloved state of Israel.

Ben-Gurion was so preoccupied with obtaining nuclear weapons that on June 27, , eleven days after resigning from office, he announced, "I do not know of any other nation whose neighbors declare that they wish to terminate it, and not only declare, but prepare for it by all means available to them. We must have no illusions that what is declared every day in Cairo, Damascus, and Iraq are just words. This is the thought that guides the Arab leaders … I am confident … that science is able to provide us with the weapons that will serve the peace and deter our enemies.

Avner Cohen, in Israel and the Bomb, published by Columbia University Press, reinforces this sense of urgency by writing, "Imbued with lessons of the Holocaust, Ben-Gurion was consumed by fears of security … Anxiety about the Holocaust reached beyond Ben-Gurion to infuse Israel's military thinking. Kennedy, on the other hand, was adamant in his refusal to promote Israel's ascension to the nuclear stage.

Avener Cohen, in Israel and the Bomb, stresses, "No American president was more concerned with the danger of nuclear proliferation than John Fitzgerald Kennedy. He was convinced that the spread of nuclear weapons would make the world more dangerous and undermine U. Realizing that Kennedy would not change his mind, Ben-Gurion decided to join forces with Communist China. Both countries were greatly interested in creating nuclear programs, and so began their secret joint dealings. Working in unison through intermediary Shaul Eisenberg, who was a partner of Mossad gun-runner and accountant Tibor Rosenbaum, Israel and China proceeded to develop their own nuclear capabilities without the knowledge of the United States.

If you find this scenario improbable, I strongly urge you to read Gordon Thomas' excellent book, Seeds of Fire, where he exposes how the Mossad and CSIS Chinese secret service have conspired on many occasions to not only steal American military secrets, but to also doctor U. This instance, I am afraid to say, is but the first where echoes of the JFK assassination can still be felt today reverberating through our post world.

The danger of Israel developing the Bomb in unison with China became a highly volatile situation, and was closely monitored by the CIA. Intent on pursuing this path, the Israeli's constructed a nuclear facility at Dimona. When Kennedy demanded that the U. Does this scenario sound eerily familiar to the game we're playing with Saddam Hussein in Iraq right now? Fully aware of their shenanigans, though, JFK told Charles Bartlett, "The sons of bitches lie to me constantly about their nuclear capability.

Avner Cohen, in Israel and the Bomb, reiterates this claim by saying that Ben-Gurion had taken the nuclear issue so closely to heart that he, "concluded that he could not tell the truth about Dimona to American leaders, not even in private. Gerald M. Steinberg, political science professor at Bar-Ilan University's BESA Center for Strategic Studies in Tel Aviv, weighs in by saying, "Between and , the Kennedy administration placed a great deal of pressure on Ben-Gurion in the effort to pressure for acceptance of international inspection of Dimona and Israeli abdication of their nuclear weapons.

This pressure apparently did not alter Israeli policy, but it was a contributing factor to Ben-Gurion's resignation in To convey how serious this situation had become in modern terms, look at what is happening in Iraq with United Nations security teams inspecting the royal palaces and bunkers for nuclear weapons and materials. This matter is so urgent that our nation is on the verge of war. In Israel and the Bomb, Avner Cohen reinforces this point.

The pressure on Ben-Gurion was so immense that he ended up leaving office. Kennedy's demands were unprecedented. They amounted, in effect, to an ultimatum. In the end, as we're all aware, Kennedy was assassinated in November ; but less known is that China conducted its first nuclear test in October, What makes this event more profound is Piper's claim that even though Israel said its first nuclear tests took place in , they actually occurred in October, along with the Chinese!

If this is true, other than August, when the United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, October may possibly be the most dangerous month in 20th century history. Let's return, though, to JFK's assassination and the direct results of it in regard to the Jewish lobby, American foreign policy, and the militarization of Israel.

JFK Assassination Site Dallas: Dealey Plaza, Grassy Knoll, & Sixth Floor Museum

To understand how powerful the Israeli lobby is in this country, venerable Senator J. The Senate is subservient, much too much; we should be more concerned about U. The great majority of the Senate of the U. This has been demonstrated time and again, and this has made [foreign policy] difficult for our government.

Do you hear what Senator Fulbright said? This isn't a crazy conspiracy theorist or a KKK anti-Semite. It's a much-respected U. Adding clout to this argument is Rep. He did not agree … As the president, he provided only limited support of Israel. To understand how important Kennedy's decisions were during his short-lived presidency, we need to look at the issue of campaign finance.

Considering how influential the Israeli lobby is in the U. Senate hearkening back to the words of Senator Fulbright , they had to have been enraged when President Kennedy genuinely wanted to cut the knees out from under the current campaign finance methods because it made politicians so reliant upon the huge cash inlays of special-interest groups. Regrettably, Kennedy did not have the time to implement this program, and to this day our political system is still monopolized by lobbyists from the very same special-interest groups.

One can only imagine what changes would have occurred in regard to our foreign policy had Kennedy eradicated these vipers and blood-suckers from the halls of Congress. Tragically, Kennedy's ideas never came to fruition, and his heated battle with Prime Minister Ben-Gurion over whether Israel should be allowed to develop a nuclear program was ultimately lost. The reason why is that Lyndon Baines Johnson, who Kennedy intended to drop from his ticket in due to his extreme dislike for, had a complete reversal in foreign policy. As you will see, not only did Israel's nuclear program move ahead unchecked; they also became the primary beneficiary of our foreign aid.

But this absolute turnaround would not have occurred if Kennedy would not have been assassinated. His primary goal - and one which would most keep the peace - was a balance of power in the Middle East so that each and every nation would be secure. This decision adhered to the Tripartite Declaration which the U.

But under the Johnson administration, this fragile balance was overturned, and by - only four years after Kennedy's assassination - the U. LBJ simply looked the other way. JFK's death did indeed prove beneficial to Israel's nuclear ambitions and the evidence proves it. Kennedy brought to an abrupt end the massive pressure being applied by the U.

If you're still not convinced; how about some numbers? Plus, during Kennedy's administration, almost none of our aid to Israel was military in nature. Instead, it was split equally between development loans and food assistance under the PL Program. Continuing in this same vein, in the Kennedy administration sold 5 Hawk missiles to Israel as part of an air-defense system.

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In , though, LBJ laid tanks on Israel, 48 Skyhawk attack aircrafts, plus guns and artillery which were all offensive in nature. If you ever wondered when the Israeli War Machine was created, this is it! LBJ was its father. Can you see what's happening here? Within two years of JFK's assassination, Israel went from being a weak, outmatched member of the volatile Middle Eastern community that was not allowed to develop nuclear weapons to one that was well on its way to becoming a undeniable military force on the world stage.

John Kennedy adamantly put his foot down and refused to allow Israel to develop a nuclear program, while LBJ bent over backward to facilitate and bolster them. The result of this shift in focus from the Kennedy to Johnson administration is, in my opinion, the PRIMARY reason behind our current troubles in the Middle East which culminated in the attacks and our upcoming war with Iraq and beyond.

I have a great deal of confidence in this statement, for as Michael Collins Piper points out, here are the results of John F. Kennedy's assassination:. In Israel's, and especially David Ben-Gurion's eyes then, what were their alternatives - to remain weakened or at least balanced in relation to their neighbors and handcuffed by JFK's refusal to bow to their will, or KILL the one man standing in their way to becoming dominant in the Middle East, the recipient of huge amounts of military aid, and one of the premier nuclear forces in the world?

It's something to think about. Also, while these thoughts are running through your head, ask yourself this question. If Kennedy, LBJ, and all subsequent administrations would have adhered to the Tripartite Declaration and did everything in their power to maintain balance in the Middle East instead of pushing Israel to the forefront, would our Towers have been attacked on , , and would we be on the verge of a possibly catastrophic war today? It's certainly something to ponder. Wikipedia John F. Kennedy assassination conspiracy theories President John F.

The circumstances surrounding the assassination of U. President John F. Kennedy on November 22, quickly spawned suspicions of a conspiracy. These suspicions were mitigated somewhat when an official investigation by the Warren Commission concluded the following year that there was no conspiracy. Since then, doubts have arisen regarding the Commission's findings. Critics have argued that the Commission, and even the government, covered-up crucial information pointing to a conspiracy.

Subsequent official investigations confirmed most of the conclusions of the Warren Commission. Contents [hide] 1 Background 1. Howard Hunt 6. Tippit 6. Johnson conspiracy 7. Tippit and arraigned that evening. At am Saturday, Oswald was arraigned for murdering the President. At am, Sunday, November 24, , nightclub owner Jack Ruby shot and killed Oswald as he was being transferred to the county jail. Immediately after the shooting, many people suspected that the assassination was part of a larger plot.

McNamara, the Secretary of Defense; C. Kennedy, the Attorney General; J. Rowley, the Chief of the Secret Service, each independently reached the same conclusion on the basis of information available to them. The HSCA ruled that at least four shots were fired with a "high probability" that two gunmen fired at the President, and that a conspiracy was probable. The HSCA stated that "the Warren Commission failed to investigate adequately the possibility of a conspiracy to assassinate the President. However, on the question of a government cover-up, different polls show both a minority and majority of Americans who believe the government engaged in one.

Kurtz,[19] Gerald D. McKnight,[20] Anthony Summers,[21] and others have pointed out what they characterize as inconsistencies, oversights, exclusions of evidence, errors, changing stories, or changes made to witness testimony in the official Warren Commission investigation, which they say could suggest a cover-up. Michael Benson wrote that the Warren Commission received only information supplied to it by the FBI, and that its purpose was to rubber stamp the lone gunman theory.

Fetzer took issue with a statement from Federal Judge John R. Tunheim, the Chair of the Assassination Records Review Board ARRB , who stated that no "smoking guns" indicating a conspiracy or cover-up were discovered during their efforts in the early s to declassify documents related to the assassination.

Fetzer identified 16 "smoking guns" which he claims prove the official narrative is impossible, and therefore a conspiracy and cover-up occurred. He claims that evidence released by the ARRB substantiates these concerns. He noted that the deaths were grouped around investigations conducted by the Warren Commission, New Orleans D.

Louisiana State Police Lieutenant Francis Fruge traveled to Eunice, Louisiana on November 20, —two days before the assassination—to pick up Cherami, who had sustained minor injuries after she was hit by a car. State Hospital physician, Dr. Victor Weiss later told a House Select Committee investigator that on November 25—three days after the assassination—one of his fellow physicians told him " Weiss further reported that Cherami told him after the assassination that she had worked for Jack Ruby and that her knowledge of the assassination originated from "word in the underworld.

On November 9, , Milteer was secretly taped-recorded by Miami police informant William Somerset as he spoke of Kennedy's coming visit to Miami on November 18th: Somerset: "I think Kennedy is coming here on the 18th to make some kind of speech. I imagine it will be on TV. Don't worry about that. He hasn't said so, but he's tried to get Martin Luther King, Jr.

According to Bugliosi, allegations that the evidence against Oswald was planted, forged, or tampered with is a main argument among those who believe a conspiracy took place. In , Josiah Thompson stated that the Commission ignored the testimony of seven witnesses who saw gunsmoke in the area of the stockade fence on the grassy knoll, as well as an eighth witness who smelled gunpowder at the time of the assassination. Jim Marrs gives the account of Gordon Arnold who said that his film of the motorcade was taken by two policeman shortly after the assassination.

She said that after the assassination she was contacted at work by two men who she thought " Some documents are still not scheduled for release until Kennedy Assassination Records Collection Act of However, some of the material released contains redacted sections. Tax return information, which would identify employers and sources of income, has not yet been released.

One historian noted, "There exists widespread suspicion about the government's disposition of the Kennedy assassination records stemming from the beliefs that Federal officials 1 have not made available all Government assassination records even to the Warren Commission, Church Committee, House Assassination Committee and 2 have heavily redacted the records released under FOIA in order to cover up sinister conspiracies.

Some researchers, including Robert Groden, assert that these photos are fake. Weitzman signed an affidavit the following day describing the weapon as a "7. Yet Oswald never owned a 7. When the FBI later reported that Oswald had purchased only a 6. The Warren Commission concluded that a 6. Carl Day might have been conspirators. The weight of the bullet fragments taken from Connally and those remaining in his body, some claim, totaled more than the missing mass of the bullet found at Parkland Hospital on Connally's stretcher—dubbed by critics of the Commission as the "magic bullet".

However, witness testimony seems to indicate that only tiny fragments, of less total mass than was missing from the bullet, were left in Connally. Dealey Plaza in The Warren Commission concluded that "three shots were fired [from the Texas School Book Depository] in a time period ranging from approximately 4. Mary Moorman said in a TV interview immediately after the assassination that there were three or four shots close together, that shots were still being fired after she took her photograph of the President being hit, and that she was in the line of fire.

The wooden fence on the grassy knoll. The Warren Commission cited that the "cumulative evidence of eyewitnesses, firearms and ballistic experts and medical authorities", including onsite testing as well as analysis of films and photographs conducted by the FBI and Secret Service, pointed to the sixth-floor window at the southeast corner of the Texas School Book Depository as the origination of the shots.

He reported that he saw two men behind the picket fence at the top of the grassy knoll before the shooting. The men did not appear to be acting together and did not appear to be doing anything suspicious. After the shooting, Bowers said that one of the men remained behind the fence. Bowers said that he lost track of the second man whose clothing blended into the foliage. When interviewed by Mark Lane, Bowers noted that he saw something that attracted his attention, either a flash of light, or maybe smoke, from the knoll, leading him to believe "something out of the ordinary" had occurred there.

Bowers told Lane he heard three shots, the last two in quick succession. Bowers opined that they could not have come from the same rifle. Newman said that a shot was fired from behind him from the knoll and that it was the shot that hit Kennedy in the head. On November 22, , Price viewed the presidential motorcade from the Terminal Annex Building's roof. In an interview with Mark Lane, Price said that he believed the shots came from "just behind the picket fence where it joins the underpass. Fletcher Prouty, the position of James Tague when he was injured by a fragment is not consistent with the trajectory of a missed shot from the Texas School Book Depository, leading Prouty to theorize that Tague was instead wounded by a missed shot from the second floor of the Dal-Tex Building.

In the Zapruder film, the President's head and upper torso move backwards after the last, fatal shot—an indication to many that a bullet was fired from the front. However, close inspection of frames and show Kennedy's head moving forward by as much as 2. McLain escorting the motorcade[] and that "the scientific acoustical evidence established a high probability that two gunmen fired at President John F. The reconstruction would entail firing from two locations in Dealey Plaza—the depository and the knoll—at particular target locations and recording the sounds through numerous microphones.

The purpose was to determine if the sequences of impulses recorded during the reconstruction would match any of those on the dispatch tape. If so, it would be possible to determine if the impulse patterns on the dispatch tape were caused by shots fired during the assassination from shooter locations in the depository and on the knoll.

Chapter 9: Johnson’s Hidden Loyalties

During the acoustical reconstruction performed for the committee in August, the Dallas Police Department marksmen in fact used iron sights and had no difficulty hitting the targets. The autopsy cover sheet had a diagram of a body showing this same low placement at the third thoracic vertebra. The hole in back of Kennedy's shirt and jacket are also claimed to support a wound too low to be consistent with the "single bullet theory". In her book From Love Field: Our Final Hours, Nellie Connally said that she believed that her husband was hit by a bullet that was separate from the two that hit Kennedy.

Supporting Horne is Dr. It seemed like they commanded a lot of respect and attention—sinister looking people. They would come up and look over my shoulder, or look over Dr. Boswell's shoulder, and run back, and they'd have a little conference in the corner. Then all at once the word would come down: "Stop what you're doing and go on to the other procedure. We just jumped back-and-forth, back-and-forth. There was no smooth flow of procedure at all. Humes running the show? Humes stating that—he said, 'Who is in charge here?

I don't remember. The report also states that the Army Infantry Weapons Evaluation Branch test fired Oswald's rifle 47 times and found that it was "quite accurate", comparing it to the accuracy of an M rifle. Also contained in the Commission report is testimony by Marine Corps Major Eugene Anderson confirming that Oswald's military records show that he qualified as "sharpshooter" in But this is confronted with more detailed record of his shooting abilities.

According to official Marine Corps records Oswald was tested in shooting, scoring in December slightly above the minimum for qualification as a sharpshooter - the intermediate category , but in May scoring only barely earning the lower designation of marksman - the lowest category. He never even approached the highest marksmanship category in the Marine Corps - the Expert.

Conspiracy theorists such as Walt Brown and authors such as Richard H. Popkin contend that Oswald was a notoriously poor shot, his rifle was inaccurate, and that no one has ever been able to duplicate his ability to fire three shots within the time frame given by the Warren Commission. Some researchers believe that Oswald was an uninvolved patsy, while other believe he was actively involved in a plot. Agent John Quigley arrived and spent over an hour talking to Oswald. Everyone was wondering how the agency was going to be able to keep the lid on Oswald. But I guess they did. Government and sent to Russia in Everywhere you look with him, there're fingerprints of intelligence.

House Select Committee on Assassinations, said: "If he had it to do over again, he would begin his investigation of the Kennedy assassination by probing Oswald's ties to the Central Intelligence Agency. House Select Committee on Assassinations, stated: "I no longer believe that we were able to conduct an appropriate investigation of the [Central Intelligence] Agency and its relationship to Oswald. Douglass described Oswald as "a questioning, dissenting CIA operative who had become a security risk" and "the ideal scapegoat". Vincent Bugliosi provides a "partial list of assassins Since the mids, various allegations have been made about the identities of the men and their involvement in a conspiracy to kill Kennedy.

Howard Hunt, was a participant in the assassination of Kennedy garnered much publicity from to In , a magazine called The Spotlight ran an article accusing Hunt of being in Dallas on November 22, , and of having a role in the assassination. Hunt won a libel judgment against the magazine in , but this was thrown out on appeal, and the magazine was found not liable when the case was retried in in Hunt's libel suit against Liberty Lobby.

Tippit Dallas Police Officer J.

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Tippit has been named in conspiracy theories as a renegade CIA operative sent to silence Oswald[][] and as the "badge man" assassin on the grassy knoll. Some critics have alleged that Tippit was associated with organized crime or right-wing politics. According to the Warren Commission, the publication of a full page, paid advertisement critical of Kennedy in the November 22, , Dallas Morning News, which was signed by "The American Fact-Finding Committee" and noted Bernard Weissman as its chairman, was investigated to determine whether any members of the group claiming responsibility for it were connected to Oswald or to the assassination.

Tippit to be transported to Red Bird Airport. Dallas Police Officer J. Tippit The Warren Commission concluded that Oswald " Tippit in an apparent attempt to escape. Tippit and seven eyewitnesses who saw the flight of the gunman with revolver in hand positively identified Lee Harvey Oswald as the man they saw fire the shots or flee from the scene, 2 the cartridge cases found near the scene of the shooting were fired from the revolver in the possession of Oswald at the time of his arrest, to the exclusion of all other weapons, 3 the revolver in Oswald's possession at the time of his arrest was purchased by and belonged to Oswald, and 4 Oswald's jacket was found along the path of flight taken by the gunman as he fled from the scene of the killing.

Jim Marrs hypothesized that "the slaying of Officer J. Tippit may have played some part in [a] scheme to have Oswald killed, perhaps to eliminate co-conspirator Tippit or simply to anger Dallas police and cause itchy trigger fingers. This was proved by affixing to Oswald the opprobrious epithet of 'cop-killer.

According to Jim Marrs, Oswald's guilt in the assassination of Kennedy is placed in question by the presence of "a growing body of evidence to suggest that [he] did not kill Tippit". Conspiracy researcher Kenn Thomas has alleged that the Warren Commission omitted testimony and evidence that two men shot Tippit and that one left the scene in a car. He stated that the Commission's conclusions on Oswald's movements "don't add up," and that "certainly [Oswald] may have had accomplices.

Markham's testimony, there is ample evidence to identify Oswald as the killer of Tippit. However, critics have questioned these lineups in that they consisted of people who looked very different from Oswald. Two of the cases were recovered by witness Domingo Benavides and turned over to police officer J. Poe told the FBI that he marked the shells with his own initials, "J. Sergeant Gerald Hill examined one of the shells and radioed the police dispatcher, saying: "The shell at the scene indicates that the suspect is armed with an automatic.

Tippit's squad car on E. Some Warren Commission critics believe that Oswald did not have enough time to get from his house to the scene where Tippit was killed.

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However, Benavides testified that he did not approach the car until "a few minutes" after the shooting, because he was afraid that the gunman might return. Bowley who testified to Dallas police that he arrived at the scene after the murder, and that the time was pm. Tippit impossible. According to researchers, conspiracy theorists consider four or five groups, alone or in combination, to be the primary suspects in the assassination of Kennedy: the CIA[],[] the military-industrial complex[],[] organized crime[],[][] the government of Cuba,[][] and Cuban exiles.

Bush,[][] Sam Giancana[], J. On November 25, , New Orleans attorney Dean Andrews told the FBI that he received a telephone call three days earlier the day of the assassination from a man named Clay Bertrand, asking him to defend Oswald. Andrews would later repeat this claim in testimony to the Warren Commission. David Ferrie second from left and Lee Harvey Oswald far right in a group photo of the New Orleans Civil Air Patrol in click to enlarge Also, in late November , an employee of New Orleans private investigator Guy Banister named Jack Martin began making accusations of possible involvement in the assassination by fellow Banister employee David Ferrie.

Jim Garrison began an investigation into the assassination of President Kennedy. Garrison's investigation led him to conclude that a group of right-wing extremists, including David Ferrie and Guy Banister, were involved in a conspiracy to kill Kennedy. On January 29, , Clay Shaw was brought to trial on these charges, and the jury found him not guilty. Canute Michaelson to work with Dr. Alton Ochsner and Dr. Mary Sherman on a clandestine CIA project to develop a biological weapon that could be used to assassinate Fidel Castro. According to Baker, she and Oswald were hired by Reily in the spring of as a "cover" for the operation.

Furthermore, he found that both had withheld information that might have alerted authorities in Dallas that Oswald posed a potential threat to the President. According to Newman, only Angleton, "had the access, the authority, and the diabolically ingenious mind to manage this sophisticated plot. Among senior government officials, only James Angleton continued expressing his belief that Kennedy assassination was not carried out by a lone gunman.

I think we would have escaped that. Eisenhower had warned, "In the councils of government, we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military-industrial complex. The potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will persist. We must never let the weight of this combination endanger our liberties or democratic processes. We should take nothing for granted.

The primary function of the agent was to remain at all times in close proximity to the President in the event of such emergencies. Palamara reports that Secret Service driver Sam Kinney told him that requests—such as removing the bubble top from the limousine in Dallas, not having agents positioned beside the limousine's rear bumper, and reducing the number of Dallas police motorcycle outriders near the limousine's rear bumper—were not made by Kennedy.

In this, the Secret Service reflected the more backward elements of America. Many of the agents with whom I worked were products of the South I heard some members of the White House detail say that if shots were fired at the president, they'd take no action to protect him. A few agents vowed that they would quit the Secret Service rather than give up their lives for Kennedy.

Many exiles hoped to overthrow Castro and return to Cuba. Their hopes were dashed with the failed Bay of Pigs Invasion in , and many exiles blamed President Kennedy for the failure. In , the committee reported: President Kennedy's popularity among the Cuban exiles had plunged deeply by Their bitterness is illustrated in a tape recording of a meeting of anti-Castro Cubans and right-wing Americans in the Dallas suburb of Farmer's Branch on October 1, We're going to see him in one way or the other.

We're going to give him the works when he gets in Dallas. I wouldn't even call him President Kennedy. He stinks. Allegedly, Novo was affiliated with Lee Harvey Oswald and Frank Sturgis and carried weapons with them to a hotel in Dallas just prior to the assassination. These claims, though put forth to the House Assassinations Committee by Lorenz, were never substantiated by a conclusive investigation. When Maheu contacted Roselli, Maheu hid the fact that he was sent by the CIA, instead portraying himself an advocate for international corporations.

Roselli introduced Maheu to two men he referred to as "Sam Gold" and "Joe. So the agency sought out a partner equally worried about Castro—the Mafia, which had lucrative investments in Cuban casinos. Bonanno reported that he recognized the high degree of involvement of other Mafia families when Jack Ruby killed Oswald, since Bonanno was aware that Ruby was an associate of Chicago mobster Sam Giancana.

In fact, there's no contradiction there. Those three groups were all in bed together at the time and had been for several years in the fight to topple Fidel Castro. Asked if she ever carried messages between JFK and Giancana, Exner replied "no" saying, "Sam would never write anything down. Kaiser has also suggested mob involvement in his book, The Road to Dallas. Anderson said that although he was never able to independently confirm Roselli's entire story, many of Roselli's details checked out. Anderson said that Oswald may have played a role in the assassination, but that more than one gunman was involved.


He said that he was offered the assassination contract on President Kennedy, but that he did not accept it. However, he said that he knew the men who did accept the contract. According to David, there were three shooters. He provided the name of one—Lucien Sarti. David said that since the other two shooters were still alive, it would break a code of conduct for him to identify them. When asked what the shooters were wearing, David noted their modus operandi was to dress in costumes such as official uniforms.

The authors argue that government officials were unwillingly obliged to help the assassins cover up the truth, because the assassination conspiracy had direct ties to American government plots to assassinate Castro. Outraged at Robert Kennedy's attack on organized crime, mob leaders had President Kennedy killed to remove Robert from power. However, a government investigation of the plot was thwarted, because it would have revealed evidence of mob participation in the government's plot to kill Castro.

Thomas,[] J. The book suggests that a smudged partial fingerprint from the sniper's nest likely belonged to Johnson's associate Malcolm "Mac" Wallace, and that Mac Wallace was, therefore, on the sixth floor of the Depository at the time of the shooting. The book further claims that the killing of Kennedy was paid for by oil magnates, including Clint Murchison and H. McClellan states that the assassination of Kennedy allowed the oil depletion allowance to be kept at It remained unchanged during the Johnson presidency.

According to McClellan, this resulted in a saving of over million dollars to the American oil industry. The History Channel assembled a committee of historians who concluded the accusations in the documentary were without merit, and The History Channel apologized to the Johnson family and agreed not to air the series in the future. In , Brown said that Johnson, along with H. Hunt, had begun planning Kennedy's demise as early as Brown claimed that by its fruition in , the conspiracy involved dozens of persons, including the leadership of the FBI and the Mafia, as well as prominent politicians and journalists.

Edgar Hoover at a social gathering at Murchison's mansion the night before the assassination. Thornton, and H. Kennedys will never embarrass me again—that's no threat—that's a promise. In the same documentary, several other Johnson associates also voiced their suspicions of Johnson. Johnson was also accused of complicity in the assassination by former CIA agent and Watergate figure E. Howard Hunt. Crenshaw had worked to save Oswald's life at Parkland after he was shot by Jack Ruby, just as Crenshaw had worked to save President Kennedy's life two days earlier.

While treating Oswald, Crenshaw said he received a phone call from the new U. Crenshaw, how is the accused assassin? President, he's holding his own at the moment. Shires is very busy right now, but I will convey your message. Crenshaw, I want a death-bed confession from the accused assassin. There's a man in the operating room who will take the statement.

I will expect full cooperation in this matter. Crenshaw said that he relayed Johnson's message to Dr. Shires, but that Oswald was in no condition to give any statement. Kurtz wrote that there is no evidence suggesting that Johnson ordered the assassination of Kennedy. Your request has been submitted.

See all on Kennedy, John F. American History TV. November 18, John F. Kennedy Remembered Dan Rather, James Swanson, and Douglas Brinkley talked about the news coverage and repercussions of the assassination…. November 22, Open Phones Telephone lines were open for viewer comments on the 50th anniversary of the assassination of President John F. September 21, David Wrone on the "fairy tale" of Dallas. September 21, Gerald McKnight on Oswald's final hours.

But add to this that E. Howard Hunt fingered LBJ for the assassination as well. Assassinology, rightly or wrongly, is an esoteric subject, and the JFK assassination comes with its own vocabulary and iconography. Take for example the Three Tramps, and the Umbrella Man. These are creatures that have entered the mass consciousness. Can their mystic power be re-imagined? After 50 years of denials, free the files. I thought most files were released in the years Something wrong. Barry Kavanagh writes fiction , and has made music, formerly with Dacianos and presently with the forthcoming "voodoo project".