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Von Eysel est coach de vie pour personnages issus du monde de la bit-lit. Et leurs. Ou pas. Green en sont aussi. Il ne se passe plus un mois sans que plusieurs titres d Urban Fantasy ne sortent chez nous. Autant dire que la Bit-Lit est bien loin d avoir dit son dernier mot. Les pauvres! En comparaison, les scores de Merry et Riley les feraient presque passer pour d innocentes pucelles.

C est encore avec cette question que la pauvre Sookie se distingue! Et elle n est pas au bout de ses peines, comme le confirmera la suite. Je veux dire. Les actes bruyants, c est mieux! Parce que Buffy, et pis c est tout! Nan, je plaisante! Pourquoi pas Zahia tant qu on y est! On ne sait pas pourquoi, mais ils la veulent tous. Comme c est surprenant! Le staff valide votre esprit pratique! Le podium final! Chez Bit-lit. Quand on pense bit-lit, on pense d abord auteurs anglo-saxons.

L e s h u m a i n s o n t - i l s conscience de la vraie nature des nouveaux envahisseurs? Je redeviens alors Syldia, l un des quatre cavaliers de l Apocalypse connu sous le nom de Famine. Un travail dangereux, soit dit en passant. Et si, du jour au lendemain, tout basculait? Si vous aviez un laissez-passer pour un de ces mondes, lequel visiteriez-vous? Ou bien la Terre des Anciens remportera-t-elle la Filles de lune Elisabeth Tremblay aime lire depuis toujours. Une fois ses pouvoirs acquis : elle est noctambule elle peut voir dans le noir.

Du moins, semble-t-il. Y parviendra-t-elle? Ou la sauver. Sauront-ils cette fois tirer parti de ce qui les unit? Alors, oui. On vous entend. Attendez, pas la peine de crier! Oui, nous sommes d accord. Des "miam", des "Grrr", des "miaou". Nous allons au travers de cet article tenter sans spoiler de comprendre le pourquoi de cet engouement.

Tout d abord, avant de parler des personnages, attardons-nous sur le lieu : Dublin en Irlande. Au fait, je m appelle MacKayla Lane. Mac pour les intimes. Je suis une sidhe-seer. La bonne nouvelle : nous sommes nombreux. La mauvaise : nous sommes le dernier rempart contre le chaos. Mais revenons au Roi Noir. Il est, en quelque sorte, vivant. MacKayla est une Sihde-Seer, et pas des moindres. C est captivant! Et le jeu du dialogue comportemental est succulent.

Vous vous doutez de ce qu on va vous dire : courez l acheter!!! La bonne nouvelle: nous sommes nombreux. La mauvaise: nous sommes le dernier rempart contre le chaos. Une vengeance avec un grand V. Et les dangers il en affronte une multitude par tome. Consultation et conseils. Prix attractifs. Tome 2 : Lune fauve Les affaires ne vont pas fort. Et pourquoi la plupart des victimes ont-elles un lien avec Harry?

Tome 5 : Suaire froid Pour une fois, les affaires sont bonnes. Le recours aux plaisirs sado-masochistes vient donc satisfaire leur besoin de ressentir physiquement les choses. So enjoy it! D autres les craignent. Un moindre mal somme toute. Mais pourquoi? Action, peur, tension, tendresse, passion et tristesse sont au rendezvous. Sous le pseudonyme Lili St.

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Jaf se tenait sur le seuil du salon. Elle loue ses services au plus offrant et ressuscite les morts comme personne. Preuve page 96 du premier tome. Il traque ceux de sa race qui ne respectent pas les lois. Tu ne gagnes pas en marquant le plus de points. Y-aura-t-il un jour un faux pas? Leur petit jeu de teasing fait toujours autant sourire et c est aussi chaud qu au tout premier tome. Ce sont les petites attentions qui lui donnent toute sa profondeur. Bones aussi. Personnage principal - Nom : Mercedes Thompson - Changeuse, elle peut se transformer en coyote.

Site web de P. Tome 5 : Le grimoire d argent Mercy ne cracherait pas sur quelques jours de vacances. Elle va devoir faire preuve de la plus grande diplomatie… pas facile quand on est sous pression! Sorti aux States : le tome 3 Fair Game. Elle sait que le moindre signe de faiblesse reviendra lui mordre les fesses un jour ou l autre comme elle aime si bien le dire. Et pourtant, ses aventures ne font que commencer.

Des questions qui font sourire aujourd hui mais qui entretiennent un certain suspense sentimental jusqu au fameux tome 10 voir plus bas. Laurell K. Ne soyez plus des victimes! Ne laissez pas les hommes avoir un ascendant sur votre vie! Le futur. Pourtant Laurell K. Avec Blood Noir, c est au tour de Jason d emmener Anita en voyage.

La plupart du temps, la pilule passe bien et la conversation fait progresser l histoire, mais, trop souvent, Laurell K. Hamilton annonce la couleur. Et, surtout, le retour d Edward. Anita Blake Tan vous donne son avis sur. Finalement, c est en novembre que Laurell K. Non, pas un louveteau. Franchement non! Le mec le plus adorable du monde : brun aux yeux chocolat, prof de sciences.

Et quelque Anita Blake. Parfois, j ai vraiment envie de tous les envoyer bouler. Mais le pourrais-je encore? Tout le monde la craint, mais je ne vais pas me laisser faire. Il existe de nombreuses raisons de relever les morts. Heureusement, je ne suis pas seule. Juste lui, moi… et mes peurs. Remarquez, moi non plus. En effet, le temps est venu pour moi de choisir une nouvelle pomme de sang.

Il faut dire que depuis quelques mois, le pouvoir de notre triumvirat a beaucoup grandi. En Anita, elle pressent l existence de ce dont elle a besoin pour faire trembler ses ennemis. Ou tout du moins, pas pour longtemps. Des assassins sont en route vers StLouis pour les tuer tous. Et Anita est l un d eux. Traduction : Tan. Peu de tension sexuelle. Eh oui, Ilona Andrews ne fait pas dans la dentelle! Kate en fait partie. Pas un pour relever l autre dans cette ville.

C est encore un sujet douloureux pour Gordon. Ils travaillent actuellement sur la prochaine aventure de Kate Daniels. Se balade souvent avec sa bruyante voiture Karmelion. Ah Curran. Minou, minou! Un croisement de lion et de tigre du Bengale. Un fantasme certes mais qui d un coup de griffes vous transperce le corps ne laissant que charpie. La collaboration avec Kate est houleuse. On va s attarder, comme promis, sur Roland. Mais Kate le sait, connait son visage et son but ultime est de le tuer.

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Nous savons pertinemment que le pouvoir attire le pouvoir! Kate Daniels KamanaKamana. Ancienne couverture Ancienne couverture Ancienne couverture. Vous nous direz et alors! Et alors?! Mais qui est Rebecca? Signes distinctifs : Belle mais dangereuse. Il incarne nos fantasmes vampiriques. Son charme sombre nous attire. Pauvres de nous! Bruce est un autre personnage important dans l environnement de Rebecca. Disons qu il en faut toujours un, mais celui-ci gagne le pompon haut la main. Il croit que Rebecca est morte.

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Est-ce son pouvoir qui les attire comme des aimants? Keywords Sidekicks, Kem Nunn, surf culture, noir iction. Cette version parut en En in de premier chapitre, Richard sauve Door de ses poursuivants. Points Essais , , p. Sauf indication contraire, toutes les italiques des citations sont de leurs auteurs. Ces deux derniers quittent Richard. He would go home tonight with the girl from Computer Services, and they would make gentle love, and tomorrow, it being Saturday, they would spend the morning in bed.

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Il agit comme un trou noir narratif. Plus tard encore, il accompa- gnera le Marquis pour aller sauver Door. Richard est donc double. Door wants to ind out who killed her family. What are you after? Il paie cette hubris de sa vie. Soriano, Marc , p. Points essais , , p. Dans cette optique, le Marquis de Carabas, personnage mensonge, serait le seul personnage vrai du roman. Seule la focalisation permettrait de forcer le roman dans les cadres narratifs habituels.

Royer u-bordeaux-montaigne. It tackles their mutability and their lack of stability through a careful analysis of the narrative patterns dictating their actions. Its leading statement is that, despite being presented as sidekicks and underlings, all the characters in the novel are in fact heroes in their own rights, albeit of diferent stories. Keywords Sidekicks, Neil Gaiman, Neverwhere, fantasy literature. In the ilm versions, however, he is most of the time assisted with one, or more often several assistants who are likely to be young, old, misshapen, queer, female, or any combination of the foregoing features1.

From the start, Fritz appears as a comic igure on account of the tone of his monologue while the class dimension of the story is foregrounded by the introduction of a character belonging to the lower classes. Before we enter into such considerations, we need to rely on an acceptable deinition of what a sidekick is. More loosely, a friend, a colleague. In Bride of Frankenstein, the irst thing we notice is the proliferation of sidekicks: Pretorius, the monster, Karl, Ludwig, all can at some point be considered as assistants and therefore sidekicks to Frankenstein.

As for Frankenstein himself, he can be considered as a sidekick to Pretorius the devil himself? When the ilm begins, everyone believes that Frankenstein has died in the burning of the windmill that took place at the end of the previous ilm. Branagh, the director, plays Frankenstein. As often there- fore, the identities of creator and creation are exchanged. Interestingly in this version, Hans is the name of his assistant, while Karl is the name of the creature. In the opening sequence, the editing is used to create both confusion and identiication between Frankenstein and two monstrous and frightening igures in deceptive strategies: irst we see a close-up of a little girl lost in a wood and a hand reaching towards her, which causes her to scream in fear.

A reverse shot reveals the hand to belong to Baron Frankenstein. Minutes later, his experiment being interrupted by an obnoxious priest, he gets mad 4 Hutchings, Peter, Terence Fisher, Manchester: Manchester University Press, , p. Later on Hans becomes narratee to Frankenstein, at his own request. As for the second extract, it is one of many variations on the theme of the double that we ind in the Frankenstein ilms. In Evil of Frankenstein, as in many Hammer productions, Frankenstein does not have just one but several assistants.

She shows similarities with the creature: she is deprived of speech and she is treated as a freak by the villagers. Indeed, Zoltan soon congratulates Frankenstein for the fortune he is going to make by showing his monsters in circuses and funfairs all over the world In an interesting composi- tion Zoltan is vividly lit drinking brandy in the foreground while, in the background, Frankenstein is attempting to get the creature to obey and Hans is taking notes on the right. At the end of the sequence, Zoltan and Frankenstein have almost traded places, with a bewildered Frankenstein in the foreground, and a victorious Zoltan leaning on the shoulder of the creature while looking at the baron with a vicious smile Do you understand?

Many compositions , also highlight the symmetry between mastermind and assistant who, although one gives orders to the other, are engaged in similar tasks in turn the performances somehow give us to see expressions that are in contrast with the drift of the dialogue. He came in, holding up a lamp, and stood before us. Before you. See here. Beside me. Here he sits. I do not believe you. I know you lie. To betray me. To enrage me. No one is with you. Similarly, the Frankenstein ilms we have studied here frequently show the evil scientist using the creature to shun his responsibility, like a classic Gothic villain preying upon his victims or a scientist wreaking havoc upon the natural order.

Again this retrospec- tively lends support to a vision of the role of the sidekicks of Frankenstein as in fact essential to the making of iction. We create the text as much as it creates us as readers and viewers. Baillon u-bordeaux-montaigne. In the ilm versions, however, he is often supported by one or several assistants. Keywords Sidekicks, Frankenstein, ilm, adaptation.

I believe he should be used. I believe he should have a very useful job. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, , p. Ce fut le cas de Nixon en , Bush en et Gore en Who is it for you? Expert Space, Roosevelt a sort of Stalin in petti- coats? Where does her power lie? Clinton donnait une nouvelle dimension au statut de First Lady. From the start their union was a vessel not only of love but of ambition, a shortcut for two stars in a hurry to reach heaven …. And there was always the risk that if one stumbled, it would bring down the other too.

In Smith, ibid. Clinton, Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States, In Perotti, op. Historically, the successive reforms of the vice presidency have gradually made it the second-highest oice in the land. Clinton aside and restored a more traditional collaboration between the pres- ident and the vice president.

Bush administration. First, how did Cheney become such a powerful leader in foreign and defense policy? Second, how did his power in this issue area evolve during his vice-presidency? When the second becomes number one Truman attempted to partially remedy the situation by appointing his own Vice President to a position on the new National Security Council NSC in Truman wanted to give the Vice President an idea of what was going on in the national security arena should he be called to take over the leadership of the country. Second, the Vice President became a real contender for the presidency.

Bush was given the job of investigating US eforts to combat terrorism in after attacks by Libya in Europe. As the Vice President is technically elected by the public, he or she cannot be ired by the President, and thus can take positions or actions opposed to the administration. Cheney opposed Bush on four occasions: the weapons inspectors in Iraq, gay marriage, Senate rules on the ilibuster, and litigation on the Second mendment of the Constitution.

When the second becomes number one coupled with a general reluctance of Congress to oppose the White House on national security. For reasons outlined in further detail below, however, the President was willing to delegate many national security responsibilities to Cheney.

Bush gave Cheney powers in other, domestic policy areas as well, but the expansion of national security powers in such areas as surveillance and the ight against weapons of mass destruction meant that delegation was necessary. Johnson asked the Assistant Attorney General to study the powers of the Vice President in the executive branch. Bush administra- tion…national security advice to the president was dominated by Vice President Cheney.

Cheney was far from an unknown igure in Washington, despite his repu- tation for operating in the shadows. Cheney became Chief of Staf when Rumsfeld gave up the position to become Secretary of Defense in Bush, who came to the White House with little experience in the ields of foreign policy and national security, and delegated much of that authority to Cheney. One claim is that Cheney became so powerful because he had no ambition to be president, and thus was not a threat to Bush. Do you know how unusual that is? I had worked in the White House or served in the cabinet of three presidents.

And I believed I knew what it takes to make an efective chief executive. When the second becomes number one of the early s. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy 13 : p. Cheney was in charge of the transition in , which meant that he had at least some inluence over who was hired for key cabinet positions. It appears that Rumsfeld and Cheney were able to largely dominate White House decision-making on national security between and Both were repeatedly attacked by Cheney and Rumsfeld so as to push their agenda through the White House decision-making process. Powell, a retired general, was against the plan, and skeptical of the purported successes of the RMA model in Afghanistan, but he was overruled.

Washington DC: Brookings Institution, : p. He pressured other government agencies, including the CIA, to present intelligence in a way that favored his case for war. President Bush liked and respected Rice, but Cheney, Rumsfeld, and Powell did not attempt to work closely with her on many issues, including on Iraq. Abingdon: Routledge, : p. Another, more pressing problem for Cheney was the problems in the Iraq War.

Much of the analysis claiming Cheney was in charge of the country appeared during this period, but it was really when his inluence was declining. Gates was generally praised for having improved civil-military relations after the problems between Rumsfeld and the senior oicers during and While he may not have been the leader of the country, he had substantial inluence with Bush and over national security policy in general. Bush also appears to have given his approval to this arrangement, delegating powers to his sidekick that often made Cheney the number one power in foreign and defense policy.

Biden is taken more seriously than commonly believed. More research remains to be done on comparing the performance of Cheney and Biden to show how the Vice Presidency has evolved to become the most important sidekick of the President over the last ifteen years. When the second becomes number one Abstract Richard Cheney was the most powerful Vice President in American history.

His inluence was primarily concentrated in the arena of national security policy. From the moment it appeared on screen in the late s, that type of hero has often if not always been represented with a sidekick. Sometimes he is a relative. It is to be understood as encompassing all the ilms which have somehow committed to the portrayal of working-class way of life since the British New Wave and as a mode of cine- matic expression which is stylistically-diverse and generically-hybrid.

London: Walllower Press, With him, the hero shares memories Doghouse and family cere- monies Raining Stones. He provides all kinds of services such as lending his lat when the hero wants to invite a girlfriend When Saturday Comes, Bullet Boy. He soothes his anger, sympathises in sad moments Room at the Top, Raining Stones, Better hings, Looking for Eric6 , cheers him up Look Back in Anger when the hero needs to nurse a broken heart Late Night Shopping, Shaun of the Dead, Doghouse and he ofers support when the hero shows his insecu- rities.

He also compensates for an absent parent or a dysfunc- tional family, alleviating the pain endured because of an abusive older brother Beautiful hing, Purely Belter, Sweet Sixteen, Somers Town, Boy A, Ill Manors 3 he phrase is here to be understood in its usual sense, i. Moreover, he acts as a stand-in for Porter who hates his job as a sweet-seller and regularly leaves the market where he works. He organises sessions at home to get the hero over his nervous breakdown by asking him to emulate someone famous. He is also the one who organises and leads the punitive expedition against the gangster to get Eric and his sons out of trouble.

He is just someone the young hero likes to hang about with all day for lack of anything better to do, as shown by the recurrent shot of the two sitting on a swing or a seesaw Looks and Smiles, TwentyFourSeven, he Great Ecstasy of Robert Carmichael, Summer Scars, Better hings, Somers Town. Maybe that is because another major function of his is that of comic relief. A couple of sidekicks can even be used in a subplot in the form of a running gag, especially to bring humour in genre ilms such as gangster or survival ilms Love, Honour and Obey, Wilderness, Attack the Block.

In case of a duo, the roles can be divided. But the roles can be inverted between the funny man and the straight man. He can play pranks on the hero just to have a laugh with the rest of the gang he Football Factory. He is made to look taller when he mixes with what looks like vertically disabled acquaintances A Kind of Loving. In this case, the sidekick is also here to reinforce the humane aspect of a hero who would otherwise run the risk of being too brutish and rough. It is quite rare for a sidekick to be more attractive or charismatic unless the hero is mocked for his shortcomings racism in Love hy Neighbour; cowardice in Carry On at Your Convenience; impotence in he Football Factory.

Although they are relatively the same height, the diference in weight, demeanour and elocution speed is also used to create a comic efect. In he Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner, Smith is in a sort of duel with Stacey, the other bad boy who still hopes to get in the favours of the director by obeying the rules. Going beyond the role of a mere assistant or foil, this close companion holds a strategic position.

Although he may not be in the limelight, he has powers over the hero who cannot do anything without him. The working class hero and his sidekick: doubles and couples he sidekick takes on the role of a close adviser. He provides an alternative point of view on a given situation and often is the only one who can make the hero see things in a diferent light whether the subject is personal or professional.

When the hero is a strike-breaker, the sidekick represents the mob despite his guilty conscience he Angry Silence. When the hero is a striker, the strike-breaking sidekick becomes a tragic igure Brassed Of, Dockers. Similarly, the sidekick is the only person allowed to tell the hero when he is crossing the line, like Clif Look Back in Anger who can make Porter stop shouting, playing the trumpet in the middle of the night and gibing at his wife or her friend. In coming-of- age ilms, the sidekick can help the hero grow up when he has managed to get out of the estate and the violence of the underworld to make a better life for himself Shifty, Adulthood.

Rising above his status, the sidekick can almost destabilise the usual balance of power. Reminiscent of Animal Farm or Lord of the Flies, an amoral or reckless leader is 9 Robert is gradually dragged into a world of drug and violence by a truant who acts as a bully, drug-dealer and thief. For each of these, the sidekick ends up being surpassed. After being initiated to pills, Robert becomes a heavy user and because of his initiative the plan for home invasion ends up in a bloodbath.

In hooligan ilms, the leadership is also often twofold and stresses the borderline personality of the irm members. War veterans generally work like couples of trusted friends as war or army days seal intense friendships. In other words, the sidekick embodies the mad soldier the hero could have become see also Looks and Smiles. When the sidekick is the more extreme character, because of his —sometimes lethal— addictions or viciousness, he appears as unre- deemable whereas the hero does not look so bad by comparison Small Faces, Downtime, Trainspotting, Boy A, Kidulthood and is even spurred to get a grip on his life Withnail and I, Human Traic, Trainspotting.

When he is not as reckless as the hero, he survives the latter Shopping, he Firm, he Veteran or can act sanctimoniously Shifty. When one of the two members suddenly reveals their new feelings, they destabilise the close friendship. Of course, the male sidekick enables the hero to stay young and carefree whereas a woman almost always stands for maturity he Leather Boys, When Saturday Comes, Sweet Sixteen, Shaun of the Dead.

Yet, the relationship between the hero and his sidekick is much more profound than a mere regres- sive temptation and male bonding is widespread among youths, hooligans and gangsters. Homoeroticism is thus felt by all of them even though it is repressed. Real couples are not those oicially registered but those born out of the special relationships developed between some of the irm members, such as John and Bob in I. At irst glance, the sidekick may seem much more attached to the hero than the opposite as he is the one who clearly shows signs of jealousy in this intimate relationship.

Pinball thinks he is being side-lined and accuses Liam of being a traitor because of his inidelities. Liam thus faces a dilemma and as he 11 Even the producers saw that homoerotic subtext since they asked the director to include scenes between Charlie and the nurse, Blondie, so that the audience would not think of Goodbye Charlie Bright as a gay ilm. However, the hero also shows signs of spite and possessiveness.

Tommy he Football Factory feels threatened when Rod moves in with a lawyer he met during one of his trials. Conversely, the beaming smile with which he welcomes his friend back just before the inal ight shows how proud he is that his friend chose him over his partner. He often becomes crazy or desperate if the latter disappears. What was I to do? Desert him? Just because of a few words spoken in front of an altar? London: Routledge, , p. In his company, the hero sleeps in a double bed, one of his obsessions, for the irst time. Extraordinary circumstances are sometimes required.

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It is only because his friend and latmate Ed has 14 Pete later reveals his homosexuality to Reggie who cannot assume his real sexual orientation and goes back to his wife. However, the open ending the hero leaving alone on the road after yet another domestic row reinforces the strength of the homosocial bond as it seems the hero cannot live with or without his sidekick. But more surprisingly, the hero can also make extreme choices out of loyalty for his sidekick.

He can botch up a job interview or a trial Looks and Smiles, When Saturday Comes , go to jail Bradford Riots or decide to become a vigilante to avenge his death Harry Brown. Some recent ilms are somewhat ambiguous concerning the hierar- chy of the main characters as they seem to show an inversion of status. Shifty supposedly focuses on the title-role yet the ilm opens on his sidekick who stays with him in practically every scene and eventually saves him by convincing him to leave the estate. Hillier Outlaw inds in Bryant the leader he needs for the vigilante group he wishes to create.

Some older ilms have consciously tried to represent groups of workers like he Kitchen, Carry On at Your Convenience18 and he Black Stuf. In all these ilms, some characters die prematurely and others inally come to the fore without predictability and some sidekicks prove to be stronger or braver than the supposed leader. London: BFI, , p.

For example, Bronco Bullfrog refers to a character who is not the protagonist. Also, Ill Manors starts with a rapping voice-over which is dropped after the irst scene. Yet, the same trend is noticed in more social realist ilms. Six or seven main characters are introduced in an egalitarian way through short consecutive or intercut scenes, sometimes ending with their names written on the screen.


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Attack the Block is a good illustration of that trend and could be interpreted as the birth of a new form of heroism depen- dent on sidekicks. When two characters meet, the ilm loses one to follow another. Moses, the rather discrete gang leader, inally becomes more prominent in the inal sequence but it is a reluctant move based on self-sacriice. Yet his part in the inal operation succeeds only because his sidekicks create a diversion and, as the epilogue shows, he is still a nobody for the outside world i.

He personally does not think of himself as a hero and, as he is about to be arrested by the police for whom he is just another antisocial youth, he needs all the support of his sidekick to eulogise his deed and start spreading his legend to get the crowd to chant his name see also Comedown and Ill Manors. At a time when the media and some politicians wonder about the existence of a working class and youths on British estates are considered the new public enemy number one, these youths who sometimes call themselves underclass embody a new form of collective heroism resisting marginalisation.

So far, there has been no such thing as an underclass hero but the rise in multiple sidekick youth ilms could be a sign of the diiculty to associate the new British proletarian igures with the concept of hero as was the case earlier in history with the working class hero whom these youths are descended from.